Civil Service Preliminary Paper-1 Previous Year Questions on Economics & Indian Economy - 2012

1) Which of the following would include Foreign Direct Investment on India?
1. Subsidiaries of foreign companies in India
2. Majority foreign equity holding in Indian companies
3. Companies exclusively financed by foreign companies
4. Portfolio investment

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(A) 1, 2 , 3 and 4
(B) 2 and 4 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3 only


2) The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) acts as a bankers’ bank. This would imply which of the following?
1 Other bank retains their deposits with the RBI.
2 The RBI lends funds to the commercial banks in times of need.
3 The RBI advises the commercial banks on monetary matters.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(A) 2 and 3 only
(B) 1 and 2 only
(C)1 and 3 only
(D)1, 2 and 3


3) Under which of the following circumstances may ‘capital gains ‘arise?
1. when there is an increase in the sales of a product
2 .when there is a natural increase in the value of the property owned.
3. when you purchase a painting and there is a growth in its value due to increase in its popularity.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below: 
(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 2 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


4) Which of the following measures would result in an increase in the money supply in the economy?
1. Purchase of govt securities from the public by the central bank
2. Deposit of currency in commercial banks by the public
3 .Borrowing by the govt. from the central bank
4 .Sale of govt. securities to the public by the central bank

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(A) 1
(B) 2 and 4 only
(C) 1 and 3
(D) 2, 3 and 4


5) Which of the following would include Foreign Direct Investment on India?
1. Subsidiaries of foreign companies in India
2. Majority foreign equity holding in Indian companies
3. Companies exclusively financed by foreign companies
4. Portfolio investment

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(A) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(B) 2 and 4 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3 only


6) Consider the following statement:
The price of any currency in international market is decided by the
1. World Bank
2. Demand for goods/services provided by the country concerned
3. Stability of the government of the concerned country
4. Economic potential of the country in question.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(A) 1,2 ,3 and 4
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 3 and 4 only
(D) 1 and 4 only


7) The basic aim of Lead Bank Scheme is that
(A) big banks should try to open offices in each district
(B) there should be stiff competition among the various nationalized banks
(C) individual banks should adopt particular districts for intensive development
(D) all the banks should make intensive efforts to mobilize deposits.


8) Despite having large reserves of coal, why does India import millions of tonnes of coal?
1. It is the policy of India to save its own coal reserves for future and import it from other countries for the present use.
2 most of the power plants in India are coal based and they are not able to get sufficient applies of coal from within the country
3. Steel companies need large quantity of coking coal which has to be imported

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


9) In India the overall Index of Industrial Production, the Indices of Eighth Core Industries have combined weight of 37.90%. Which of the following are among those Eight Core Industries?
1. Cement
2. Fertilizers
3. Natural Gas
4. Refinery products
5. Textiles

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(A) 1 and 5 only
(B) 2, 3 and 4 only
(C) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only
(D) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5


10) The Multi-Dimensional Poverty Index developed by Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative with UNDP support covers which of the following?
1. Deprivation of education, health, assets and services at household level
2. Purchasing power parity at national level
3. Extent of budget deficit and GDP growth rate at national level

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


11) Which of the following is/are among the noticeable features of the recommendations of the Thirteenth Finance Commission?
1. A design for the Goods and Services package linked to adherence to the proposed design.
2. A design for the creation of lakhs of jobs in the next ten years in consonance with India’s demographic dividend
3. Devolution of a specific share of central taxes to local bodies as grants

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(A) 1 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 1, 2 and 3


12) Consider the following specific stages of demographic transition associated with economic development:
1. Low birth rate with low death rate
2. High birth rate with high death rate
3. High birth rate with low death rate

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(A) 1, 2, 3
(B) 3, 2, 1
(C) 2, 3, 1
(D) 3, 2, 1

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