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  • Free Mock Test to NTA UGC NET Examination

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  • Free Mock Test to NTA UGC NET Examination

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MCQs on Anthropology - 10

1. Which one of the following regions shows Stellenbosh culture?

(A) Western Europe.
(B) Central Europe.
(C) South Africa.
(D) East Africa.

Answer: (D)

2. Acheulian culture heralds the beginning of which of the following techniques?

(A) Block-on-block technique
(B) Cylinder hammer technique
(C) Pressure flaking technique
(D) Punching technique

Answer: (B)

3. Forensic Anthropology

(A) Is a field of applied physical anthropology.
(B) Specializes in identification of human skeleton remains for legal purposes.
(C) Specializes in identification of murder victims, age, sex and ethnicity.
(D) All of the above.

Answer: (D)

4. DNA molecule represents

(A) Single helix strand
(B) Double helix strand
(C) Triple helix strand
(D) None of the above

Answer: (B)

5. Who among the following wrote the book “Human Heredity”?

(A) A. Montagu
(B) R.H. Lowie
(C) E.A. Hoebel
(D) A.M. Brues

Answer: (A)

6. Natural selection accounts for

(A) Changes over a period of time.
(B) Progressive adaptation of organisms to environment.
(C) The production of differences recognized by systematics.
(D) All of the above.

Answer: (D)

7. Who among the following named Pithecanthropus?

(A) W. Howells
(B) E. Dubois
(C) E. Hooton
(D) F. Haeckel

Answer: (D)

8. Given below are two statements one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R):

Assertion (A): In a population at genetic equilibrium, both gene and genotype frequencies remain constant from one generation to next.

Reason (R): Genetic equilibrium results in the presence of micro evolutionary forces.

Codes:

(A) (A) is correct, but (R) is false.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are correct.
(C) (A) is false, but (R) is correct.
(D) Both (A) and (R) are false.

Answer: (A)

9. Given below are two statements. One is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R):

Assertion (A): Anthropologists distinguish between the ‘family of orientation’ (formed when one marries and has children) and ‘family of procreation’ (the family in which one is born and grows up).

Reason (R): From individual’s point of view, the critical relationships are with spouse and children in the family of orientation and with parents and siblings in the family of procreation.

Based on the above statement choose the correct answer code:

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct
(B) (A) is correct and (R) is wrong
(C) (A) is wrong and (R) is correct
(D) Both (A) and (R) are wrong

Answer: (D)

10. Given below are two statements. One is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R):

Assertion (A): Early states are formed during chalcolithic period.

Reason (R): This was mainly possible for the rise of professionals.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are incorrect
(C) (A) is correct, (R) is incorrect.
(D) (A) is incorrect, (R) is correct.

Answer: (A)
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MCQs on Anthropology - 9

1. Match an item in List – I with an item in List – II. Use the codes given below:

List – I                                                                                  List – II

(a) The first human deliberate burials                    (i) Upper Palaeolithic period
(b) The first paintings, engravings, sculptures     (ii) Mesolithic period
(c) The shell-middens and kitchen middens         (iii) Neolithic period
(d) Early domestication of plants and animals     (iv) Middle Palaeolithic period

Codes:

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (iv) (i) (ii) (iii)
(B) (iii) (ii) (iv) (i)
(C) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)
(D) (i) (iii) (iv) (ii)

Answer: (A)

2. Match an item in List – I with an item in List – II. Use the codes given below:

List – I                                              List – II

(a) Palaeolithic period               (i) Holocene period
(b) Protohistoric period            (ii) Emergence of Civilization
(c) Nuclear areas                        (iii) Pleistocene period
(d) Agricultural Innovations    (iv) Agricultural Origins

Codes:

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)
(B) (i) (iii) (ii) (iv)
(C) (iii) (i) (iv) (ii)
(D) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)

Answer: (C)

3. Who among the following in the Indian Varna system is not considered twice-born?

(A) Brahman
(B) Kshatriya
(C) Vaishya
(D) Shudra

Answer: (D)

4. The term “Vote Bank” was coined by

(A) Andre Beteille
(B) S.C. Dubey
(C) M.N. Srinivas
(D) L.P. Vidyarthi

Answer: (C)

5. The focus on ‘Imponderability of daily life’ is the essential feature of

(A) Focus group discussion
(B) Structured interview
(C) Participant observation
(D) Census

Answer: (C)

6. The percentage of the Scheduled Tribe Population as per 2001 Census of India was

(A) 6.2%
(B) 7.2%
(C) 8.2%
(D) 9.2%

Answer: (C)

7. “Rites of Passage” refers to

(A) Life crisis rituals
(B) Rituals performed for ancestors
(C) War rituals
(D) Village rituals

Answer: (A)

8. The “Anthropological survey of India” is considered as the largest Anthropological Organization in

(A) India
(B) South Asia
(C) Asia
(D) World

Answer: (D)

9. Electrophoresis means

(A) Separation of charged particles under the influence of electric current
(B) Coating one metal over the other
(C) Blood grouping
(D) Inter-cell communication

Answer: (A)

10. Hominization is a process indicating the evolution upto

(A) Homo habilis
(B) Homo sapiens
(C) Homo erectus
(D) Homo ergaster

Answer: (B)
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MCQs on Anthropology - 8

1. Match an item in List-I with an item in List-II. Use the code given below:

List – I                        List – II

(a) Ternifine             (i) France
(b) Tatun                   (ii) Israel
(c) Swans Combe     (iii) England
(d) La Chapelle         (iv) Algeria

Codes:

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)
(B) (ii) (iv) (iii) (i)
(C) (i) (iii) (ii) (iv)
(D) (iv) (i) (iii) (ii)

Answer: (A)

2. Indian Mesolithic is best represented at which of the following sites?

(A) Giddalur
(B) Nevasa
(C) Teri group
(D) Bagor

Answer: (D)

3. Subsistance activity of the past and its reconstruction is aimed by which of the following branches?

(A) Typo - Technology
(B) Geo - Chronology
(C) New Archaeology
(D) Action Archaeology

Answer: (C)

4. Which one of the following sites is situated in Rajasthan?

(A) Killi Ghul Mohammad
(B) Kayatha
(C) Ahar
(D) Navdatolli

Answer: (C)

5. Ash mounds with Neolithic culture are found in which of the following sites?

(A) Harappa
(B) Mitathal
(C) Jorwe
(D) Utnur

Answer: (D)

6. The Culture Bound Syndrome as a temporary state of physically aggressive insanity relatively common in Malay population is named as:

(A) Susto
(B) Koro
(C) Amok
(D) Latah

Answer: (C)

7. The book Politics of Untouchability was written by:

(A) B.R. Ambedkar
(B) M.N. Srinivas
(C) Owen Lynch
(D) Marvin Harris

Answer: (C)

8. Who among the following describes religion as social behaviour and magic as individual behaviour?

(A) E. Durkheim
(B) E.R. Leach
(C) B.R. Malinowski
(D) James Frazer

Answer: (A)

9. Unilinear evolution of culture propounded by:

(A) B. Malinowski
(B) Jullian Steward
(C) L.H. Morgan
(D) Leslie White

Answer: (C)

10. Who among the following was/were associated with British School of Diffusion?

(A) G.E. Smith
(B) W.J. Perry
(C) W.H.R. Rivers
(D) All the above

Answer: (D)
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MCQs on Anthropology - 7

1. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R).


Assertion (A): Indian village is part society.
Reason (R): Indian village is part of larger society of India.

Codes:

(A) (A) is false, (R) is true.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(C) (A) is true, (R) is false.
(D) Both (A) and (R) are false.

Answer: (B)

2. Given below are two statements. One is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R):

Assertion (A): The genealogical method is a well-established ethnographic technique.
Reason (R): Anthropologists need to collect genealogical data to understand current social relations without reconstructing history.

Based on the above statements, choose the correct answer.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct.
(B) (A) is correct and (R) is wrong.
(C) (A) is wrong and (R) is correct.
(D) Both (A) and (R) are wrong.

Answer: (B)

3. Given below are two statements. One is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R):

Assertion (A): Adolescent growth spurt occurs in every individual.
Reason (R): The degree of adolescent spurt is same for every individual.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are false.
(C) (A) is correct, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is correct.

Answer: (C)

4. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of Kinship grouping in order of their decreasing size?

(A) Phratry-Moiety-Clan-Lineage- Family
(B) Moiety-Phratry-Clan-Lineage-Family
(C) Phratry-Clan-Moiety-Lineage-Family
(D) Moiety-Phratry-Lineage-Clan-Family

Answer: (A)

5. Arrange the following in correct sequence:

(A) Chopper-Transverse Arrowhead-Cleaver.
(B) Cleaver-Chopper-Transverse Arrowhead.
(C) Transverse Arrowhead-Chopper- Cleaver.
(D) Chopper-Cleaver-Transverse Arrowhead.

Answer: (D)

6. Identify the correct sequence in background of hominid phylogeny:

(A) Ramapithecus – Australopithecus africanus – Homo erectus – Hemo sapiens
(B) Homo sapiens – Homo erectus – Ramapithecus – Australopithecus africanus
(C) Ramapithecus – Homo erectus – Australopithecus africanus – Home sapiens
(D) Homo erectus – Homo sapiens – Ramapithecus – Australopithecus africanus

Answer: (A)

7. Identify the correct sequence of estimated cranial capacity in ascending order :

(A) Orangutan-Gorilla-Human- Chimpanzee
(B) Orangutan-Gorilla-Chimpanzee Human
(C) Chimpanzee-Orangutan-Gorilla- Human
(D) Chimpanzee-Gorilla-Orangutan- Human

Answer: (C)

8. Identify the sequence of vertebrae in correct order:

(A) Lumber-Thoracic-Sacral- Cervical
(B) Thoracic-Cervical-Lumbar- Sacral
(C) Cervical-Lumbar-Thoracic- Sacral
(D) Cervical-Thoracic-Lumbar- Sacral

Answer: (D)

9. Identify the correct sequence in estimating the gene frequency for a genetic marker:

(A) Gene frequency – Absolute number – number of alleles – percentile frequency
(B) Absolute number – percentile frequency – number of alleles – gene frequency
(C) Absolute number – number of alleles – percentile frequency – gene frequency
(D) Percentile frequency – Absolute number – number of alleles – gene frequency

Answer: (B)

10. Match an item in List-I with an item in List-II. Use the code given below:

List – I                                                       List – II

(a) Races and Cultures of India       (i) E. A. Hooton
(b) Up from the ape                           (ii) A. L. Krober
(c) Anthropology today                    (iii) H. H. Risley
(d) The People of India                     (iv) D. N. Majumdar

Codes:

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (i) (iii) (iv) (ii)
(B) (iv) (i) (ii) (iii)
(C) (iv) (ii) (i) (iii)
(D) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

Answer: (B)

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MCQs on Anthropology - 6

1. Match an item in List-I with an item in List-II with respect to the Denver classification of human chromosomes.

List – I            List – II

(a) A             (i) 4 and 5
(b) B             (ii) 1 and 3
(c) C             (iii) X, 6, 7 and 8 to 12
(d) D            (iv) 13 to 15

Codes:

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (ii) (i) (iii) (iv)
(B) (i) (iii) (ii) (iv)
(C) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)
(D) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

Answer: (A)

2. Match an item in List-I with an item in List-II.

 List – I

 List – II

 (a) Sewell- Wright effect

 (i) The random fluctuations in allele frequencies over generation in small population.

 (b) Allen’s rule 

 (ii) The body size of the individuals usually increases with the decreasing near temperature of its habitat.

 (c) Hardy- Weinberg law 

 (iii) With decreasing environmental temperature the size of the protruding organs of warm blooded animals increases.

 (d) Bregmann’s rule

 (iv) In large populations where no external evolutionary forces are operating the allele frequency remains stable over generations.


 Codes:

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (i) (iii) (iv) (ii)
(B) (i) (iv) (iii) (ii)
(C) (iv) (i) (iii) (ii)
(D) (ii) (i) (iii) (iv)

Answer: (A)

3. Match an item in List-I with an item in List-II. Use the codes given below:

 List – I 

 List – II

 (a) Anagenesis

 (i) Evolution through the branching of a species or a lineage.

 (b) Cladogenesis 

 (ii) Speciation occurring via geographic isolation.

 (c) Allopatric Speciation 


 (iii) Speciation occurring when two population have continuous distributions and some phenotypes are more favourable than others.

 (d) Parapatric Speciation 

 (iv) Evolution of a triat or a species into another over a period of time.


Codes:

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (iv) (i) (ii) (iii)
(B) (iv) (iii) (i) (ii)
(C) (iii) (i) (iv) (ii)
(D) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

Answer: (A)

4. Match the animal remains unearthed from prehistoric sites against their cultural stages. Use the codes given below:

List – I                     List – II

(a) Horse               (i) Palaeolithic
(b) Dog                  (ii) Mesolithic
(c) Rhino               (iii) Neolithic
(d) Cattle               (iv) Megalithic

Codes:

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
(B) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(C) (iii) (i) (iv) (ii)
(D) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)

Answer: (A)

5. Heath and Carter somatotype method includes:

(A) Photoscopy and anthropometry
(B) Anthropometry
(C) Photoscopy
(D) None of the above

Answer: (A)

6. Adaptive biological changes occurring within the lifetime of an organism in response to environmental stress refers to

(A) Acclimation
(B) Habituation
(C) Acclimatization
(D) Adaptation

Answer: (C)

7. Cephalo-Caudal growth occurs from

(A) head-to-tail
(B) tail-to-head
(C) Centre of body to outward
(D) Outward to centre of body

Answer: (A)

8. DNA molecule was discovered by

(A) G. Mendel
(B) J. Watson & F. Crick
(C) J. M. Lowenstein
(D) M. Kimura

Answer: (B)

9. Who among the following wrote the book ‘Genetics and the Origin of Species’?

(A) C. Darwin
(B) R. Goldschmidt
(C) T. Dobzhansky
(D) R. A. Fisher

Answer: (C)

10. Mendelian population is

(A) Reproductive community of a common gene pool
(B) Isolated population without common gene pool
(C) Not a reproductive population
(D) Not integrated by genetic factors

Answer: (A)

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MCQs on Anthropology - 5

1. Match an item in List – I with an item in List – II. Use the codes given below:

List – I                                   List – II

a. Homo habilis               i. Raymond Dart
b. Australopithecus        ii. Louis Leakey
c. Gigantopithecus         iii. Simons & Chopra
d. Java Man                     iv. Eugene Dubois

Codes:

a b c d

(A) ii i iii iv
(B) i ii iii iv
(C) iv ii iii i
(D) iii iv i ii

Answer: (A)

2. Match items of List – I with items of List – II and select the correct answer from the code given below:

List – I (Name of the Book)        List – II (Author of the Book)

a. Man Makes Himself                    i. M. Burkitt
b. Old Stone Age                              ii. Brian M. Fagan
c. Stone Age Tools                           iii. V.G. Childe
d. People of the Earth                     iv. H.D. Sankalia

Codes:

a b c d

(A) iv ii i iii
(B) iii i ii iv
(C) iii i iv ii
(D) i iv iii ii

Answer: (C)

3. Arrange the following ceramic types in chronological order of their occurrence:

i. Jorwe
ii. Malwa
iii. Painted Grey ware
iv. Northern black polished ware

Codes:

(A) iv ii iii i
(B) ii i iii iv
(C) i ii iii iv
(D) iv iii ii i

Answer: (B)

4. Who of the following wrote the book, ‘Cultural Materialism’?

(A) Raymond Firth
(B) Sir James Frazer
(C) Oscar Lewis
(D) Marvin Harris

Answer: (D)

5. In which year the First Public Notification on the ‘Scheduled Tribes’ was issued?

(A) 1950
(B) 1951
(C) 1952
(D) 1953

Answer: (A)

6. The term ‘Scheduled Tribes’ was inserted in the Constitution vide

(A) Article 342(i)
(B) Article 244(i)
(C) Article 275
(D) Article 330

Answer: (A)

7. A family consisting of a married couple and their unmarried children is known as

(A) Joint family
(B) Extended family
(C) Nuclear family
(D) None of the above

Answer: (C)

8. Who, among the following, is an anthropologist?

(A) Herbert Spencer
(B) Edward B. Tylor
(C) Lewis Morgan
(D) Julian Huxley

Answer: (B)

9. Who was the first anthropologist to use expression of “social network’?

(A) J. Clyde Mitchell
(B) John Barner
(C) Fredrik Barth
(D) Max Ghickman

Answer: (B)

10. Which of the following is used for amplification of DNA in the process of DNA finger printing?

(A) Southern blotting
(B) Northern blotting
(C) Polymerase chain reaction
(D) Western blotting

Answer: (C)
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MCQs on Anthropology - 4

1. Which one of the following is correctly matched?

(A) Bipedalism and Erect posture – Apes
(B) Mitosis – Reduction division
(C) Sutton – Independent assortment
(D) Blood groups – Multiple alleles

Answer: (D)

2. A condition of reduced oxygen supply to tissues despite adequate blood supply is known as:

(A) Anemia
(B) Hypoxia
(C) Obesity
(D) Anorexia

Answer: (B)

3. The Indian Chalcolithic culture is characterized by the occurrence of:

(A) Stone Tools
(B) Bronze Tools
(C) Copper Tools
(D) Iron Tools

Answer: (C)

4. In which one of the following sites the remains of Narmadapithecus are discovered?

(A) Nevasa
(B) Hathnova
(C) Hunsigi
(D) Navadatoli

Answer: (B)

5. The book entitled “The Prehistory and the Protohistory of India and Pakistan” was authored by:

(A) Virendranath Mishra
(B) Bendapudi Subba Rao
(C) Hasmukh Dhirajlal Sankalia
(D) Robert Bruce Foote

Answer: (C)

6. Which of the following are concerned with mental health?

I. Juvenile delinquency
II. Kuru
III. Drug addiction
IV. Infectious disease

Codes:

(A) I, II and IV
(B) II and III
(C) I, III and IV
(D) I and III

Answer: (B)

7. The principle of social stratification is reflected in the formation of:

I. Ethnic group
II. Class
III. Clan
IV. Caste

Codes:

(A) I, II and III are correct.
(B) I and II are correct.
(C) II and IV are correct.
(D) II and III are correct.

Answer: (C)

8. Who among the following are associated with the culture and personality school?

(i) A. Kardiner
(ii) R. Linton
(iii) Cora Dubois
(iv) William Sanders

Codes:

(A) (i) and (iv) are correct.
(B) (ii) and ΓΌ (iv) are correct.
(C) (i), (ii) and (iii) are correct.
(D) (ii), (iii) and (iv) are correct.

Answer: (C)

9. Which of the following are the components of ‘Sacred Complex’ as proposed by L.P. Vidyarthi?

(i) Sacred Texts
(ii) Sacred Geography
(iii) Sacred Performances
(iv) Sacred Specialists

Codes:

(A) (i), (ii) and (iii) are correct.
(B) (i), (ii) and (iv) are correct.
(C) (i), (iii) and (iv) are correct.
(D) (ii), (iii) and (iv) are correct.

Answer: (D)

10. Who among the following are considered as the weaker sections of the Indian society?

(i) Women
(ii) Scheduled Tribes
(iii) Men
(iv) Scheduled Castes

Codes:

(A) (i), (ii) and (iii) are correct.
(B) (ii), (iii) and (iv) are correct.
(C) (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv) are correct.
(D) (i), (ii) and (iv) are correct.

Answer: (D)
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