MCQs on Indian Religions & Philosophy -1

1. According to Samkhya philosophy, the sequence of creation is as under:
(A) Purusa, Prakrati, Ahankar, Mahat
(B) Prakrati, Purusa, Ahankar, Mahat
(C) Prakrati, Purusa, Mahat, Ahankar
(D) Purusa, Prakrati, Mahat, Ahankar

2. Match the following:
List – I                                  List – II
(Buddhist Concept)        (Meaning/Example)
a. AryaSatya               1. Namrupa
b. DwadashNidan       2. Samadhi
c. AshtangaMarg        3. SamyakaVyayam
d. Nirvana                   4. Controlling of breath
                                   5. Sorrow in life
      a b c d
(A) 2 4 1 3
(B) 5 1 3 2
(C) 5 1 4 2
(D) 1 5 4 3

3. Which philosophy says “Do not care to know various theories about God and Soul; do good and be good; that will take you to whatever truth there is” ?
(A) Sankhya
(B) Buddhism
(C) Vedanta
(D) Jainism

4. Critically judge the following :
Assertion (A) : There is nothing wrong in getting attached to Maya.
Reason (R) : Though opposite to Brahma, Maya has been created by Brahma only.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are incorrect.
(C) Only (A) is correct.
(D) Only (R) is correct.

5. Which statement/s is/are true as per Buddhist philosophy ?
I. Maya is root cause of all troubles.
II. Sorrow is the root cause of all troubles.
III. Birth and death are causes of  troubles.
IV. Getting involved in worldly pursuits is the cause of all troubles.
(A) All I, II, III and IV are true.
(B) Only I and II are true.
(C) Only II and III are true.
(D) Only II, III and IV are true.

6. Which of the following philosophies are most tilted to individualism?
(A) Jainism
(B) Samkhya
(C) Buddhism
(D) None of these

7. The two basic divisions in Schools of Indian Philosophy are
(A) Vedanta and Buddhism
(B) Advaita and Dwaita
(C) Theistic and Atheistic
(D) Orthodox and Heterodox

8. The ultimate goal of education in Jainism is
(A) Non-violence
(B) Renunciation
(C) Liberation
(D) Philanthropy

9. The ceremony of initiation of education in Buddhism is called
(A) Vidyarambam
(B) Upanayanam
(C) Pabajja
(D) Uparampada

10. The concept of pratityasamutpade (that nothing happens without a cause) is one of the central principles of
(A) Jainism
(B) Buddhism
(C) Vedanta
(D) Sakhya

11. Which of the following Orthodox (Astik) Schools of Indian Philosophy, is silent on the issue of existence of God as the ultimate reality?
(A) Vedanta
(B) Sa khya
(C) Poorva Mimansa
(D) Nyaya

12. Ka aya, a concept related with the axiology of Jainism, means
(A) dispositions of the mind, which tend to lead to us higher aims in life.
(B) negative dispositions of the mind, which tend to keep us remain embedded to the mundane world.
(C) certain bad dispositions which obstruct our spiritual upliftment.
(D) both (B) and (C) are correct answers.

13. The four fold valuation of Indian culture (Catu puru artha), when arranged in an ascending hierarchy in terms of the height of values, will constitute which of the following orders?
(A) Dharma, Artha, Kama, Moksha
(B) Artha, Kama, Dharma, Moksha
(C) Artha, Dharma, Kama, Moksha
(D) Moksha, Dharma, Kama, Artha

14. A common feature of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism is belief about
(A) the unreality of the world
(B) the existence of God
(C) the soul
(D) karma and rebirth

15. In Indian Philosophy ‘pramana’ means
(A) oath
(B) measurement
(C) assurance
(D) source of knowledge



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