MCQs on Indian Architecture & Sculpture -4

1. Which writer refers to the depiction of Ganga and Yamuna in temple architecture?
(A) Bhasa
(B) Bharavi
(C) Kalidasa
(D) Jayadeva



2. Ayaka Pillars form architectural feature of the stupa at:
(A) Sanchi
(B) Bharhut
(C) Amaravati
(D) Sarnath



3. Sutradhara Mandana famous for his works on architecture and iconography was attached to the court of
(A) Bhoja
(B) Kumarapala
(C) Rana Kumbha
(D) Krishnadevaraya



4. Hauzkhas in Delhi was built by
(A) Balban
(B) Ala-ud-din Khalji
(C) Ghyas-ud-din Tughlaq
(D) Firuz Tughlaq



5. Kumaradevi who constructed Dharmachakrajina-vihara at Sarnathwas a queen of
(A) Gupta King Chandragupta I
(B) Pushyabhuti King Harsha
(C) Pala King Mahipala
(D) Gahadavala King Govinda Chandra



6. The marble stone was first introduced with Red Stone in the Mughal Buildings during whose period?
(A) Akbar
(B) Jahangir
(C) Shahjahan
(D) Aurangzeb



7. Which of the following temples was constructed by Lokamahadevi, the senior queen of Chalukya ruler Vikramaditya – II?
(A) Draupadi Rath at Mamallapuram
(B) Vaikuntha Perumal temple at Kanchipuram
(C) Meguti temple at Aihole
(D) Virupaksha temple at Pattadakal


8. Which of the following temples is considered the earliest monument of Khajuraho?
(A) Chausath Yogini temple
(B) Brahma temple
(C) Lakshman temple
(D) Parswanath temple



9. Which of the following temples has a Sikhara of the Dravidian style?
(A) Chitragupta temple, Khajuraho
(B) Draupadi Rath, Mamallapuram
(C) Rajarani temple, Odisha
(D) Teli Ka Mandir, Gwalior



10. Where is the Buddhist rock-cut cave which depicts eleven-headed Bodhisattva image?
(A) Ajanta
(B) Ellora
(C) Kanheri
(D) Karle



11. Which school of art used spotted sandstone as material for sculptures?
(A) Amaravati
(B) Gandhar
(C) Mathura
(D) Sarnath



12. Consider the following statements:
Assertion (A): The early Chaitygrihas and Viharas of Guntuphalli in West Godavari district are rock cut.
Reason (R): The Chaityas and Viharas of Eastern Deccan are usually rock-cut.

In the context of above statements, which one of the following is correct?
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.



13. Excavations of which of the following sites has yielded evidence of a Vaishnava temple of pre-Christian era?
(A) Ayodhya
(B) Besnagar
(C) Bodhgaya
(D) Mathura



14. Which of the following Mauryan Pillars were surmounted by Lion Capital?
i. Lauriya Nandangarh
ii. Kolhua (Bakhira)
iii. Sanchi
iv. Sarnath

Indicate the correct answer from the codes below:
(A) i & iv
(B) ii & iii
(C) iii & iv
(D) i, ii, iii & iv



15. Which of the following fort is known as ‘Katargarh’?
(A) Kumbhalgarh
(B) Rohtashgarh
(C) Gwalior Fort
(D) Chittorgarh

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