MCQs on Law - 25

1. In which of the following cases, the Supreme Court directed closing down and demolition of shrimp industries in coastal regulation zone and implement the “precautionary principle” and “the polluter pays principle and held them liable for payment of compensation for reversing the ecology and compensate the individual for loss suffered?

(A) S. Jagannath Vs. Union of India.
(B) Vellore Citizens Welfare Forum Vs. Union of India.
(C) M.C. Mehta Vs. Union of India.
(D) Church of God (Full Gospels) in India Vs. KKR Majestic Colony Welfare Association.


2. In which of the following cases, the Supreme Court upheld the governmental direction to close down the lime-stone mining operations and quarrying permanently, holding it the duty of the lessee to protest and safeguard the right of the people to live in a healthy environment with minimal disturbance of ecological balance?

(A) All India Council for Enviro Legal Action Vs. Union of India.
(B) Rural Litigation and Entitlement Kendra Vs. State of Uttar Pradesh.
(C) Vellore Citizens Welfare Forum Vs. Union of India.
(D) M.C. Mehta Vs. Union of India.



3. What are essential tests for the existence of International Custom?

(A) Uniform practice of States and longevity of time period.
(B) Uniform practice of States and opinojuris sine necessitatis.
(C) Uniform practice of States, longevity of time period and opinojuris sine necessitatis .
(D) None of the above.

4. The junior widow has adopted a child without the consent of senior widow. Decide the adoption.

(A) Valid
(B) Void
(C) Voidable
(D) None of the above



5. In which State, where a widow may adopt a child without an express authority from her husband, before the HA & M Act, 1956?

(A) Bihar and M.P.
(B) U.P. and Haryana
(C) Madras and Bombay
(D) Orissa and Andhra Pradesh



6. In ancient Hindu Marriage, which one is not approved form of Marriage?

(A) Brahma
(B) Davia
(C) Prajapatya
(D) Asura



7. Read Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and with the help of codes given below select the correct explanation.

Assertion (A): The Muslim Women (Protection of Divorce Rights) Act, 1986 brought changes like limit the period of maintenance to Muslim divorcee till ‘iddat’ period and in case of no relatives the liability on Wakf Boards.

Reason (R): The changes were brought under Muslim’s pressure.

Codes:
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is correct, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.



8. Which of the following Jurist regard the controversy “whether international law is a law, a dispute about words and not things”?

(A) Lawrence
(B) Austin
(C) Hobbes
(D) Hart



9. What should be the order of the use of material source of International law?

1. Treaties and Conventions.
2. Customs
3. General principles of law recognised by civilised States.
4. Judicial decisions and juristic opinion as subsidiary means for the determination of law.

(A) 4, 3, 2, 1
(B) 2, 3, 1, 4
(C) 4, 2, 1, 3
(D) 1, 2, 3, 4



10. Which of the Article of the Statute of International Court of Justice makes it clear that the decision of the court will have no binding force except between the parties and in respect of that particular case only?

(A) Article 60
(B) Article 59
(C) Article 68
(D) Article 38(1)

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