MCQs on Law - 5

1. Assertion (A): International Court of Justice has power to decide cases on the basis of equity
Reason (R): Equity is one of the General Principles of Law recognized by Civilized Nations.
Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not a correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.



2. Match List-I with List-II:

List – I 
(Subject Matter)
List – II 
(Cases)
(a) International Custom
(i) S. S. Lotus (France v. Turkey) PCIJ, Series A, No. 10

(b) Res Judicata
(ii) U. N. Administrative Tribunal case, International Law Reports, 1954, P. 310

(c) Legal status of General Assembly Resolutions on decolonization and self-determination

(iii) Western Sahara Case, Advisory Opinion, ICJ Rep., 1975, P. 12
(d) Human Rights
(iv) Lawless Case, American Journal of International Law, Vol. 56, 1962, P. 187

Codes:
        (a)  (b)   (c)   (d)
(A)   (i)   (ii)   (iii)   (iv)
(B)  (ii)   (i)    (iii)   (iv)
(C)  (iii)  (ii)    (i)    (iv)
(D)  (iv)  (ii)   (iii)   (i)



3. U. N. Commission on Human Rights has been discarded and replaced by

(A) Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Committee
(B) Amnesty International
(C) Human Rights Committee
(D) Human Rights Council



4. Which of the following is not a primary source of International Law?

(A) International Treaty
(B) Decision of International Court of Justice
(C) International Custom
(D) General Principle of Law recognized by Civilized Nations



5. Which of the following cases relates to retroactive nature of the act of recognition of government?

(A) Aksionairnoye Obschestro A. M. Luthar V. James Sagor & Co., (1921) 3 K.B. P. 532
(B) Trendtex Trading Corporation V. Central Bank of Nigeria, (1977) B. P. 529
(C) Central Air Transport Inc. V. Central Air Transport Corporation, (1953) A. C. P. 70
(D) Nicaragua V. U.S.A., ICJ Rep., 1984, P. 169.


6. In a case concerning the legality of the Threat or use of Nuclear Weapons, the International Court of Justice gave advisory opinion at the request of:

(A) U.N. Security Council
(B) U. N. General Assembly
(C) World Health Organization
(D) United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization



7. Which is not the modern source of Hindu Law?

(A) Equity, Justice and Good Conscience
(B) Precedent
(C) Sruti
(D) Legislation


  
8. Assertion (A): Break down of marriage as such is not a ground for Divorce.
Reason (R): It may result into an easy way of dissolution of marriage and shall result into instability in the society.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct.
(B) (A) is correct, but (R) is incorrect.
(C) Both (A) and (R) are wrong.
(D) (R) is correct, but (A) is wrong.



9. Dastane vs. Dastane is a case decided by the Supreme Court relating to:

(A) Adultery
(B) Dessertion
(C) Cruelty
(D) None of the above



10. Marriages of all persons who are citizens of India belonging to various religions should be made compulsory registrable in their respective States where the marriage is solemnised. This was held by the Supreme Court in the case of:

(A) Githa Hariharn vs. RBI
(B) Seema vs. Ashwani Kumar
(C) John Vallamathom vs. Union of India
(D) None of the above



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