MCQs on Psychology - 16

1. Which one of the following theories predicts that work motivation will be low if an employee perceives that an increased effort will have little, or no effect on his/her performance?

(A) Just-world theory
(B) Need-drive theory
(C) Expectancy theory
(D) Normative theory



2. Assertion (A): If higher order factor analysis is to be carried out, first order factors should not be subjected to varimax rotation.

Reason (R): Varimax rotation provides oblique factors.

Codes:
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false but (R) is true.



3. Where are oxytocin and vasopressin hormones synthesized?

(A) Posterior pituitary
(B) Anterior pituitary
(C) Gonads
(D) Hypothalamus



4. Match List-I with List-II.

List – I
(Concept)
List – II
(Psychologist)
p. Parenting styles
1. Bowlby
q. Attachment
2. Piaget
r. Reciprocal Determinism
3. Bandura
s. Centration
4. Baumrind
                           
Codes:
       p q r s
(A) 2 1 4 3
(B) 2 4 1 3
(C) 4 1 3 2
(D) 4 2 3 1



5. Which of the following is not a component of Emotional Intelligence as described by Mayer and Salovey.

1. The ability to use emotions to facilitate thinking.
2. The ability to perceive, appraise and express emotions accurately.
3. The ability to perceive, appraise and express emotions appropriately.
4. The ability to adapt to new and different contexts, select appropriate contexts and effectively shape one’s environment to suit one’s needs.

Codes:
(A) 4 only
(B) 1 and 4
(C) 1, 2 and 4
(D) 1, 3 and 4



6. Which of the following are the characteristics of Cattell’s Culture Fair Intelligence Test?

1. Speed
2. Power
3. Non-verbal
4. Performance

Codes:
(A) 1 and 3
(B) 1, 2 and 3
(C) 1, 2 and 4
(D) 1 and 2



7. Technique of shaping is based on which of the following principle?

(A) Reciprocal inhibition
(B) Response inhibition
(C) Stimulus discrimination
(D) Successive approximation



8. What did Chomsky not argue about language development?

(A) There is a universal grammar.
(B) It is genetically wired.
(C) There is an innate modular language.
(D) It is based on reinforced learning.



9. What are the two types of declarative memory given by Edel Tulving?

(A) Episodic and semantic
(B) Semantic and procedural
(C) Reconstructive and semantic
(D) Procedural and reconstructive



10. Assertion (A): Illusions are instances in which perception yields false interpretation of physical reality.

Reason (R): Theory of misapplied constancy suggests that when looking at illusions, we interpret certain cues as suggesting that some parts are farther than others because of our powerful tendency toward size constancy.

Codes:
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false.
(D) Both (A) and (R) are false.




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