MCQs on Psychology - 6

1. Given below are two statements, the first labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answer using the codes given below:

Assertion (A): Total variance of testscore is the sum of TrueVariance and Error Variance.
Reason (R): True score and error score are independent of each other.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.




2. Ideas interfering with the correct solution of a problem fade during this stage of creative thinking. This stage is

(A) Evaluation
(B) Revision
(C) Illumination
(D) Incubation



3. Which of the following strategies do not help improve memory?

(A) Use of Mnemonics
(B) Minimize interference
(C) Mass learning
(D) Elaborative rehearsal



4. Explicit or Declarative memory consist of which of the following types of memories?

1. Procedural memory
2. Episodic memory
3. Semantic memory
4. Autobiographical memory

Codes:
(A) 1 and 2
(B) 2 and 4
(C) 2, 3 and 4
(D) 1, 2 and 4



5. Which of the following is most appropriate for the assessment of Self-Actualization?

(A) Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
(B) Personal Orientation Inventory
(C) Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory
(D) Edwards Personal Preference Scale



6. There is a gradual acceleration of responses just before the provision of reinforcement in a fixed interval schedule. This acceleration is referred to as

(A) The Fixed – Interval Gradient
(B) The Fixed – Interval Variant
(C) The Fixed – Interval Caper
(D) The Fixed – Interval Scallop



7. When the individual attributes failure to the beliefs that everyone would fail in solving the problem and that the failure results from external causes, the state is described as

(A) Personal helplessness
(B) Hopelessness
(C) Learned optimism
(D) Universal helplessness



8. Read the following two statements Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below:

Assertion (A): Our facial expressions influence our emotional experience.
Reason (R): We can exert complete voluntary control over our facial muscles during emotional expressions.

Codes:
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.



9. The mental representation of what one wants to say comprises the

(A) Surface – phrase structure
(B) Central phrase structure
(C) Primary – Phrase structure
(D) Deep – Phrase structure



10. The law of Pragnanz or law of good figure refers to

(A) Tendency to read an ambiguous stimulus in accordance with an expectation.
(B) Viewing under suboptimal conditions such as an object is shaded or overlapped.
(C) The tendency to perceive the simplest and most stable figure of all possible perceptual alternatives.
(D) The ability to recognise and identify common objects.



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