MCQs on Law - 19

1. Assertion (A): Culpable homicide becomes murder when the act causes death and is done with the intention of causing death.

Reason (R): One of the conditions to be satisfied for treating it murder provide the injury intended to be inflicted is sufficient in the ordinary course of nature to cause death.

Codes:
(A) (A) is true, but (R) is not the reason.
(B) (A) and (R) are both true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is false and (R) is true.
(D) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the reasonable explanation of (A).



2. When an injury is caused by the act of an enterprise engaged in a hazardous or inherently dangerous activity, the enterprise is absolutely liable for the injury because

1. it has not taken reasonable care.
2. the enterprise owes an absolute and non-delegable duty to the community to ensure that no harm results from the activity.
3. it is considered as a part of the social cost for carrying on the hazardous or inherently dangerous activity.
4. it is difficult to prove lack of care on the part of enterprise.

Select the right code:
(A) 1 and 2 are correct.
(B) 1 and 4 are correct.
(C) 1 and 3 are correct.
(D) 2 and 3 are correct.



3. D employs a driver Z to drive his car. D specifically instructs the driver not to drive fast and in no case exceed the speed of 50 kms per hour. Z exceeds the limit and causes the accident in which P is injured. In an action against D for damages

(A) D is not vicariously liable for the act of the driver because the driver acted against the express instructions of his master.
(B) D is not liable as the act of the driver was not done during the course of employment.
(C) D is liable as the driver was doing an authorised act in an unauthorised manner.
(D) D is not liable as there was contract for service between D and the driver.



4. Due to the negligence of the owners of a well, it was filled with poisonous gases and two of the employees were trapped inside the well. B, an expert in disaster management in such situation, was called to rescue the two employees. B decided to go inside the well with the help of a rope in order to save the employees trapped in the well. He was warned of the risk involved. Despite all this B went inside the well and was overcome by the gases. He was taken to hospital where he died. B’s wife sued the owners of the well for compensation.

(A) Owners are not liable because maxim volunti non fit injuria applies.
(B) Owners are not liable because B was an expert and master of his trade.
(C) Owners are liable because the act of B was the natural and probable consequence of owner’s negligent act.
(D) Owners are liable because B died while being engaged by them.


5. Any person who has attained the following age may be a member of a registered Trade Union.

(A) 18 years
(B) 17 years
(C) 16 years
(D) 15 years



6. The workmen are not entitled to lay off compensation in one of the following cases:

(A) An industrial establishment in which less than fifty workmen on an average per working day have been employed.
(B) An industrial establishment in which less than one hundred workmen on an average per working day have been employed.
(C) An industrial establishment in which less than two hundred and fifty workmen on an average per working day have been employed.
(D) An industrial establishment in which less than five hundred workmen on an average per working day have been employed.



7. Which one of the following provisions of the Indian Contract Act deals with the reciprocal promise to do things legal and also other things illegal?

(A) Section 56
(B) Section 57
(C) Section 58
(D) Section 17



8. Section 26 of the Indian Contract Act declares the agreement void on the ground of

(A) Absolute restraint only
(B) Partial restraint only
(C) Both absolute or partial restraint
(D) None of the above



9. No customer in a thousand ever read the conditions. If he had stopped to do, he would have missed the train or the boat. This observation was made by

(A) Anson
(B) Donaldson
(C) Lord Denning
(D) Pearson



10. When consent is given due to mistake, an agreement will be

(A) Voidable
(B) Legal
(C) Illegal
(D) Void



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