MCQs on Psychology - 10

1. Match List-I with List-II and indicate your answer with the help of given codes.

List – I
(Concept)
List – II
(Explanation)
p. Primack Principle
1. Exceptional performance by a student as a result of high teacher expectations.
q. Maintenance Rehearsal
2. Retrieval of pieces of information based on their relatedness to one another.
r. Pygmalion Effect
3. Keeping information in working memory by repeating it to you.
s. Activation spreading
4. More preferred activity conserve as a reinforcer for a less preferred activity.

Codes:

      p q r s
(A) 4 3 1 2
(B) 1 3 4 2
(C) 2 1 3 4
(D) 1 3 2 4

  

2. Movements of the vocal apparatus are

(A) Necessary for thinking.
(B) Not necessary for thinking.
(C) Necessary for thinking in some situations.
(D) Both (A) and (C) are correct.



3. Given below are two statements, the first labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answer using the codes given below:

Assertion (A): In attitude scaling by Equal Appearing Intervals Method, median is usually employed to obtain scale values.
Reason (R): In normal distribution mean, median and mode are the same.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation.
(C) (A) is true, (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, (R) is true.



4. When previous learning interferes with our memory of later learning it is referred to as

(A) Repression
(B) Proactive interference
(C) Inhibition
(D) Retroactive interference



5. I create paintings and Art works because it gives me a sense of satisfaction and vitality. My Art is primarily promoted by

(A) Discriminatory Rewards
(B) Selective Rewards
(C) Extrinsic Rewards
(D) Intrinsic Rewards


6. The Psychotherapist recommended the procedure of systematic desensitization to Shradda for overcoming her fear of cats. The Psychotherapist recommended

(A) A classical conditioning procedure
(B) An operant conditioning procedure
(C) A delayed conditioning procedure
(D) A backward conditioning procedure



7. The child was given chocolates for putting pegs into the right holes, first after he fitted 20 pegs, then after he fitted 14 pegs and later after he fitted 22 pegs. The reinforcement schedule used in this case is an example of

(A) Variable – Ratio Schedule
(B) Variable – Interval Schedule
(C) Fixed – Interval Schedule
(D) Fixed – Ratio Schedule



8. In type R conditioning the strength of conditioning is shown by ______ whereas in Type S conditioning the strength of conditioning is shown by the ______

(A) Response rate; time to solution.
(B) Time to solution; Response rate.
(C) Response rate; magnitude of conditioned response.
(D) Magnitude of response rate; time to solution.



9. Which one of the following statistic is used for assessing the test-item bias?

(A) Item-remainder correlation
(B) Differential item functioning
(C) Construct validity
(D) Multidimensional scaling



10. Which of the following characteristics best describes Borderline Personality Disorder?

1. Impulsivity and affective instability.
2. Unusual perceptual experiences.
3. Unstable and intense interpersonal relationship.
4. Recurrent suicidal behaviour or gesture.
5. Preoccupation with details and rules.

Codes:
(A) 1, 2 and 5
(B) 2, 4 and 5
(C) 2, 3 and 5
(D) 1, 3 and 4


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