MCQs on Psychology - 18

1. In the multiple components model of working memory, the Central Executive supervises and coordinates the functioning of which of the components?
1. Episodic information and procedural information.
2. Phonological loop and visuospatial sketch pad
3. Procedural information and abstract semantic information.
4. Semantic information and episodic information.
(A) 1 and 2 are correct.
(B) 1 and 4 are correct.
(C) 2 and 3 are correct.
(D) 2 and 4 are correct.

2. Bio feedback therapy is based on which of the following?
(A) Classical conditioning
(B) Observational learning
(C) Operant conditioning
(D) Cognitive

3. Substantially higher performance scores than verbal scores on the subtests of Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) indicates
(A) Gender differences
(B) Learning difficulties
(C) Genetic influences
(D) Cultural biases

4. Ruchi remembers that when she was eight year old she was whimsical. This memory of Ruchi is called
(A) Episodic memory
(B) Semantic memory
(C) Sensory memory
(D) Amnesic memory

5. Which is the most basic and common obstacle to problem solving?
(A) Confirmation bias
(B) Fixation
(C) Functional fixedness
(D) Mental set

6. The child who says “Milk gone” is engaging in ________. This type of utterance demonstrates that children are actively experimenting with rules of ________.
(A) Babbling; syntax
(B) Telegraphic speech; syntax
(C) Babbling; semantics
(D) Telegraphic speech; semantics

7. Problem solving comprises of four stages. Choose the correct sequence of stages
(A) Incubation, preparation, verification, illumination
(B) Preparation, incubation, illumination, verification
(C) Incubation, preparation, illumination, verification
(D) Preparation, illumination, incubation, verification

8. Match the following lists:
List – I
List – II
a. Kagan & Haveman, 1979
1. Mental manipulation
b. Silverman, 1978
2. Solution of problem
c. Whittaker, 1970
3. Mediating process
d. Humphrey, 1963
4. Goal directed process
       a         b         c         d
(A) 1         2         4         3
(B) 1         2         3         4
(C) 1        3          2         4
(D) 1        4          3         2

9. Given below are two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R).
Assertion (A): Thinking about objects brings change in attitudes.
Reason (R): Attitudes toward complex issues and objects are typically a mixture of positive and negative feelings.

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

10. A subject is presented four non-sense syllabus one by one each for two seconds. After presentation of the four items, the subject is asked to count backward aloud by threes from some number for fifteen seconds and after that he/she is asked to recall the non-sense syllabus. What memory storage is being measured in this experiment?
(A) Sensory memory storage
(B) Working memory storage
(C) Short term memory storage
(D) Long term memory storage

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