MCQs on Psychology - 19

1. According to Freud, different types of anxiety are:
1. Neurotic anxiety
2. State anxiety
3. Moral anxiety
4. Reality anxiety
(A) 1, 2 and 3 only
(B) 1, 2 and 4 only
(C) 1, 3 and 4 only
(D) 2, 3 and 4 only


2. Match List – I with List – II and indicate your answer using the codes given below:
List – I
(Memory Phenomena)
List – II
(Brief Description)
a. Semantic memory
1. Memory for events that occur in a particular time, place or context.
b. Priming
2. Memory for skills and habits.
c. Episodic memory
3. Memory for general knowledge and facts about the world.
d. Procedural memory
4. Information that people already have in storage is activated to help them remember new information better and faster.

Codes:
       a        b         c         d
(A)  3       2         4          1
(B)  4       3         2          1
(C)  3      4          1          2
(D)  2      4          3         1

3. When the previously learned task affects the retention of task being currently acquired, the phenomenon is referred to as:
(A) Retroactive interference
(B) Proactive interference
(C) Retroactive effect
(D) Proactive effect


4. Assertion (A): Positive psychology draws its strength from humanistic psychology.
Reason (R): Both humanistic and positive psychology believes in positive human qualities.

Codes:
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.


5. The basic difference between classical conditioning and instrumental learning is of
(A) Presentation of stimulus
(B) Emitting of response
(C) Temporal contiguity
(D) Mechanism


6. Major criticisms of Thurston’s theory of intelligence are based on
I. Use of subjective measures
II. Restricted heterogeneity in sample
III. Method of factor analysis
(A) I and II are correct.
(B) I and III are correct.
(C) II and III are correct.
(D) I, II and III are correct.

7. What is the correct sequence of ear parts given below?
(A) Eardrum – Hammer – Anvil – Stirrup – Oval window
(B) Oval window – Hammer – Eardrum – Anvil – Stirrup
(C) Eardrum – Anvil – Stirrup – Hammer – Oval window
(D) Oval window – Anvil – Hammer – Stirrup – Eardrum


8. We can cope with stress by becoming aware of our irrational, upsetting thoughts and replacing them with rational, calming thoughts. This view represents.
(A) Cognitive behavioural approach
(B) Psychoanalytical approach
(C) Socio-cultural approach
(D) Bio-social approach


9. An instrumental response is conditioned only when organism interprets the reinforcement as being controlled by its response. This view is supported by
(A) Tolman
(B) Skinner
(C) Seligman
(D) Beck


10. When a child gets two chocolates once every week for its performance in the class it is an instance of
(A) Fixed ratio, variable interval
(B) Fixed ratio, fixed interval
(C) Variable ratio, fixed interval
(D) Variable ratio, variable interval




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