MCQs on Psychology - 27

1. We sometimes attempt to solve problems by applying the techniques that worked in similar situations in the past. What type of method are we using?

(A) Trial and error
(B) Analogy
(C) Algorithms
(D) Heuristics



2. The fact that a nearer object may obscure a more distant object from the view is due to:

(A) Figure and ground
(B) Proximity
(C) Interposition
(D) Closure



3. Match List-I with List-II and indicate your answer with the help of codes given below:

List – I
(Phenomenon)
List – II
(Psychologist)
p. Learned helplessness
1. Bandura
q. Cognitive map
2. Seligman
r. Observational learning
3. Wolpe
s. Systematic desensitization
4. Tolman
       
Codes:
      p         q         r         s
(A) 2         4         1        3
(B) 3         4         2        1
(C) 1         3         4        2
(D) 4         2         3        1



4. In a 3 × 4 contingency table, using chi-square test, the degrees of freedom associated with the chi-square will be:

(A) 12
(B) 9
(C) 7
(D) 6



5. Match List-I with List-II and indicate your answer using the codes given below:

List – I
(Function)
List – II
(Area of the Brain)
p. Visuo-spatial function
1. Hypothalamus
q. Social norms
2. Cerebellum
r. Releasing factors
3. Orbito-frontal cortex
s. Balance
4. Parietal cortex
                                              
Codes:
      p        q        r          s
(A) 2        1       4          3
(B) 1        2       3          4
(C) 4        3       2          1
(D) 4        3       1          2



6. Read each of the following two statements – Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes below:

Assertion (A): In Edwards Personal Preference Schedule (EPPS), forced choice format is used.

Reason (R): Forced choice format reduces acquiescence response set.

Codes:
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false but (R) is true.



7. Why do individuals with high need for achievement quit early when faced by very difficult task?

(A) Get tired easily
(B) Have poor perseverance
(C) Have high anxiety
(D) Have high need for efficiency



8. A man reflects his anger from his boss to his child, is an example of:

(A) Projection
(B) Reaction Formation
(C) Displacement
(D) Regression



9. Speed and power tests can be distinguished on the basis of:

1. Time limit
2. Difficulty level
3. Verbal/Non-verbal content

Codes:
(A) 1 and 2
(B) 1 and 3
(C) 2 and 3
(D) 1, 2 and 3



10. Natural concepts are based on:

(A) Prototypes
(B) A set of rules/properties
(C) Schemas
(D) Propositions




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