MCQs on Psychology - 29

1. The above information suggests that:

1. Parametric model should be followed in data analysis
2. Non-parametric model should be followed in data analysis.
3. The scores under two conditions appear to have homogeneity of variance
4. The scores under two conditions appear to be heterogeneous for variance.

Codes:
(A) 1 and 3 only
(B) 1 and 4 only
(C) 2 and 3 only
(D) 2 and 4 only

 

2. Match List-I with List-II and indicate your answer using the codes given below:

List – I
(Brief description)
List – II
(Type of reinforcement)
p. reinforcement occurs after a set time period
1. fixed ratio
q. reinforcement occurs after a set number of responses
2. Variable interval
r. reinforcement occurs after a varying time period
3. fixed interval
s. reinforcement occurs after a varying number of responses
4. variable ratio
           
Codes:
       p         q          r           s
(A) 3          1         2           4
(B) 1          4         3           2
(C) 4          3         1           2
(D) 2          4         3           1



3. Which of the following effectors is mainly responsible for instrumental (motor) response?

(A) Smooth muscles
(B) Cardiac muscles
(C) Skeletal muscle
(D) Adrenal gland



4. A process following learning during which a memory becomes more firmly established is called:

(A) Over-learning
(B) Consolidation
(C) Transfer period
(D) Constructive processing



5. Assertion (A): A large body of research indicates that violence and aggression is learned through observation.

Reason (R): Learning through observation takes place due to exposure to similar situation and experienced reinforcement.

Codes:
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false.
(D) Both (A) and (R) are false.



6. Some steps in test construction are listed below:

1. Internal consistency assessment
2. Item analysis
3. Test-retest reliability
4. Item writing

Usually, the above steps are carried out in the following sequence.

(A) 4, 2, 1, 3
(B) 4, 1, 3, 2
(C) 2, 4, 1, 3
(D) 4, 3, 2, 1


7. What is the correct order of the following conflicts occurring in an individual’s life?

1. Autonomy V/s self-doubt
2. Identity V/s Role confusion
3. Competence V/s Inferiority
4. Intimacy V/s Isolation

Codes:
(A) 1 2 3 4
(B) 2 1 4 3
(C) 1 3 2 4
(D) 3 2 4 1



8. During emotions skin conductance changes occur due to the activity of some of the following:

1. Sweat glands
2. Adrenal glands
3. Parasympathetic nervous system

Codes:
(A) 1 and 2
(B) 1 and 3 
(C) 2 and 3
(D) 1, 2 and 3



9. What among the following is true for mental set?

1. It can enhance the quality and speed of perceiving and problem solving under some conditions.
2. It can enhance the quality and speed of perceiving and problem solving in new situations.
3. It may inhibit or distort the quality of mental activities in new situations.
4. It may inhibit or distort the quality of mental activities under same conditions.

Codes:
(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 1 and 3 only
(D) 3 and 4 only



10. Three A’s – Achievement, Affiliation and Aggression are reflected in

(A) Emotion
(B) Motivation
(C) Ambition
(D) Expectation



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