1. Which of the following is an essential constituent of negligence?

(1) Defendant was under or legal duty to exercise due care
(2) This duty was owed to plantiff
(3) Defendant committed breach of such duty
(4) That the breach of such duty was the direct and proximate cause of the damage alleged.

(A) 1, 2 and 3
(B) 1, 2, 3 and 4
(C) 2, 3 and 4
(D) 1, 2 and 4

2. Which one of the following is not a good defence in suits for damages or negligence?

(A) Contributory Negligence
(B) Express contract with plantiff
(C) Express contract where statute prohibits
(D) Voluntary assumptions of risk

3. Match List –I with List – II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists

List – I
List – II
(a) Rayland vs Fletcher
1. Compensation for pain and suffering
(b) Donoghue V Stevenson
2. Loss caused by Competition in business
(c) Gludster Grammer School Case
3. Strict liability
(d) Rose vs. Ford
4. Liability of minor for tests

5. Liability for negligence

(a)        (b)        (c)        (d)
(A)       1          2          3          4
(B)       2          3          4          5
(C)       3          5          2          1
(D)       3          4          2          1

4. Assertion (A): Tort is a civil wrong redressible by an action for unliquidated damages only.

Reason (R): Law does not provide compensation in the nature of liquidated damages.

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false but (R) is true.

5. One of the essentials of holding a person responsible for dowry death is

(A) Subjected to harassment by peer groups.
(B) Subjected to harassment for dowry
(C) Subjected to harassment under suspicious circumstances
(D) All of them

6. Fill in the gap:

An act of grievous hurt is always inferred through enormity to ________ and not merely a slight more than a frolic.

(A) Murder
(B) Bodily injury
(C) Amputation
(D) All of them

7. A contract may be vitiated by:

(i) Fraud
(ii) Mistake
(iii) Frustration
(iv) Undue influence

Find correct answer, using codes:

(A) Only (i) is correct.
(B) Only (i) and (ii) are correct.
(C) Only (i), (ii) and (iii) are correct.
(D) All are correct.

8. In contributory negligence:

(A) Both parties have contributed to the negligence equally.
(B) Only one party is negligent and other has not taken due care.
(C) One party is negligent resulting in injury while the other has taken due care.
(D) When lack of care is equal on both sides.

9. P shoot at Q with the view to kill him. When Q was being taken to hospital, a tree fell upon Q on the way and Q died in the hospital a few days later. If it was proved that the falling of the tree caused Q’s death, then

(A) P shall be responsible for the death of Q.
(B) Falling of tree has broken the chain of causation.
(C) P is not liable to pay compensation to the dependents of Q.
(D) P is responsible for the death of Q as Q’s death was the direct consequence of P’s act.

10. Which one of the following has been laid down as basis of responsibility by the rule in Rylands Vs. Fletcher?

(A) Fault liability
(B) Conditional liability
(C) Strict liability
(D) Insurance liability

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