MCQs on Psychology - 1

1. Which set of three approaches is more relevant to study the impact of Genetic factors on intelligence?

1. Correlation between siblings
2. Correlation between identical twins reared apart.
3. Adopted child studies.
4. Correlation between parents and children.
Codes:
(A) 1, 2 and 3
(B) 2, 3 and 4
(C) 1, 2 and 4
(D) 1, 3 and 4



2. Match List – I with List – II and indicate your answer with the help of codes given below:

List – I
(Psychologist)
List – II
(Concept)
p. Adler
1. Basic anxiety
q. Bandura
2. Triadic Reciprocal causation
r. Jung
3. Fictional Finalism
s. Horney
4. Principle of Equivalence

 Codes:
       p q r s
(A) 2 4 3 1
(B) 1 3 2 4
(C) 3 2 4 1
(D) 3 4 2 1



3. Researchers have found different ways in which an individual’s genotype shapes his or her environment. Which of the following is NOT one of them?

(A) The genotype has a passive effect on environment resulting from genetic similarity between parents and children.
(B) The child’s genotype evokes particular kinds of reactions from social and physical environment.
(C) The child’s genotype plays an active role in shaping the environment.
(D) People with different genotypes are differentially sensitive or susceptible to their environment.



4. Read the following two statements Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and indicate your answer using the codes given below:

Assertion (A): Cattell used the term ‘Ergs’ to explain the source of motivation.
Reason (R): Ergs were regarded by Cattell as static and secondary units of personality.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.



5. Age related changes in intelligence are best explained by

(A) Cattell’s theory
(B) Jensen’s theory
(C) Sternberg’s theory
(D) Guilford’s theory



6. Which of the following approaches emphasize the role of unconscious in “feelings and thoughts” of an individual?

(A) Cognitive
(B) Developmental
(C) Humanistic
(D) Psychoanalytic



7. Children first demonstrate a rudimentary understanding of syntax during the _____ stage.

(A) Babbling
(B) One-word
(C) Two-word
(D) Three-word



8. The Chess Master selects his next move by considering moves that would threaten his opponent’s queen.
His opponent, a chess-playing computer selects its next move by considering all possible moves. The chess master is using ____ and the computer is using _____.

(A) Algorithm ; heuristic
(B) Prototype ; mental set
(C) Mental set ; prototype
(D) Heuristic ; algorithm



9. Where is the borderline between deficiency and growth needs among Maslow’s fives?

(A) Safety needs and needs to belong
(B) Safety needs and physiological needs
(C) Esteem needs and self-actualization
(D) Needs to belong and esteem needs



10. Which part of the brain is responsible for transferring short term memory to long term memory?

(A) Amygdala
(B) Hypothalamus
(C) Hippocampus
(D) Cerebellum


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