1. If route from router I to router J is computed on line based on the current statistics, then it is called as ………………..

(A) Dynamic routing
(B) Session routing
(C) Temporary routing
(D) None of these

2. In distributed applications, it is sometimes necessary to update all the databases concurrently, we use …………………..

(A) Shortest path first
(B) First come first serve
(C) Forwarding
(D) Flooding

3. Upon receipt of a bad segment, UDP …………..

(A) It does flow control
(B) It does error control
(C) Retransmission
(D) It does not do flow and error control

4. FDDI stands for

(A) Fiber Distributed Data Interface
(B) Fiber Data Distributed Interface
(C) Fiber Dual Distributed Interface
(D) Fiber Distributed Data Interface

5. Which of the following applications allows a user to access and change remote files without actual transfer?

(C) NFS                    
(D) Telnet

6. TCP/IP model was developed _____ the OSI model.

(A) prior to
(B) after
(C) simultaneous to
(D) none of the mentioned

7. The ............layer of OSI model can use the trailer of the frame for error detection.

(A) Physical
(B) Data link
(C) Transport
(D) Presentation

8. If the source deduces the existence of congestion by making local observations, such as the time needed for acknowledgements to come back is called as ……………..

(A) Explicit feedback algorithm
(B) Implicit feedback algorithm
(C) Explicit forward algorithm
(D) Implicit forward algorithm

9. The technique of temporarily delaying outgoing outgoing acknowledgements so that they can be hooked onto the next outgoing data frame is called

(A) piggybacking
(B) cyclic redundancy check
(C) fletcher’s checksum
(D) none of the mentioned

10. The 4 byte IP address consists of

(A) network address
(B) host address
(C) both (a) and (b)
(D) none of the mentioned

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