1. Phenomenology is a radical alternative to

(A) Positivism
(B) Evolutionism
(C) Functionalism
(D) Diffusionism

2. Durkheim’s study of suicide helps us to understand

(a) Society’s hold over the Individual
(b) Individual’s hold on the society.
(c) Suicide rates of various societies
(d) Degree of social integration ofa society.


(A) (b) and (c)
(B) (a) and (b)
(C) (a) and (d)
(D) (b) and (d)

3. Match Item – I with Item – II:

List – I
List – II

a. Deviance
i. Lack of social norms
b. Crime
ii. Nonconformity
c. Anomie
iii. Act that contravenes the law
d. Alienation
iv. Self-estrangement


        a b c d
(A) i ii iii iv
(B) iii ii iv i
(C) ii iii i iv
(D) iv ii iii i

4. Who amongst the following sociologists has not considered conflict as a vital element of society?

(A) Randall Collins
(B) Lewis Coser
(C) Talcott Parsons
(D) Ralph Dahrendorf

5. The concept of ‘imperatively coordinated associations’ was contributed by

(A) Talcott Parsons
(B) Ralph Dahrendorf
(C) C. Wright Mills
(D) Karl Marx

6. “Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the sentiment of a heartless world and the soul of soulless condition.” Who made the statement?

(A) L. Feurbach
(B) G. Lukacs
(C) K. Marx
(D) V.I. Lenin

7. Who among the following theorists sees contemporary society as a death culture, with death being the ‘paradigm of all social exclusion and discrimination”?

(A) J. Baudrillard
(B) U. Beck
(C) M. Foucault
(D) J.F. Lyotard

8. Match the items in List – I with the items in List – II and choose the right answer from the codes given below:

List – I
List – II

a. From Population to People
i. K. Srinivasan
b. Gender Inequalities and Demographic Behaviour
ii. T. Malthus
c. Essay on Principle of Population
iii. S. Desai
d. Regulatory Reproduction in India’s Population
iv. A. Bose


        a b c d
(A) iv iii ii i
(B) i ii iii iv
(C) ii iv i iii
(D) iii i iv ii

9. Which of the following crises are stated by J. Habermas?

i. Economic crisis
ii. Political crisis
iii. Legitimation crisis
iv. Rationality crisis

(A) Economic crisis, political crisis and rationality crisis
(B) Economic crisis, legitimation crisis and rationality crisis
(C) Political crisis, legitimation crisis and rationality crisis
(D) Economic crisis, political crisisand legitimation crisis

10. Which one of the following was not specified as an objective of social development by the World Development Summit (1995)?

(A) Economic protectionism
(B) People empowerment
(C) People’s initiatives
(D) Strengthening the capacities of the people

More MCQs on Sociology