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MCQs on Industrial Relations & Labour Welfare

MCQs on Industrial Relations & Labour Welfare
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MCQs on Industrial Relations & Labour Welfare -14

1. ‘First come last go and last come first go’ is the principle of

(A) Lay-off
(B) Closure
(C) Retrenchment
(D) Dismissal


2. Which of the following statements with regard to labour welfare is not correct?

(A) Welfare is a social concept.
(B) Welfare is a relative concept.
(C) Welfare is a positive concept.
(D) Welfare is an absolute concept.



3. Which of the following is not an intramural welfare facility?

(A) Canteen
(B) Workmen safety measures
(C) Housing facility
(D) Drinking water facility



4. Match the following:

Principles of Welfare Work                            Theme
a. Principle of Coordination or Integration  i. When welfare is given for a felt need at the opportune moment.
b. Principle of Association                          ii. When welfare is treated as a total concept and not a piece-meal programme.
c. Principle of Accountability                      iii. Work with individual is motto of this principle.
d. Principle of Timeliness                           iv. Welfare is to be satisfactorily utilized is the motto of this principle.

Codes:
        a b c d
(A) ii iv iii i
(B) ii iii iv i
(C) iii iv ii i
(D) iv ii i iii



5. “The factory and industrial workplaces provide ample opportunities for owners and managers of capital to exploit workers in an unfair manner. This cannot be allowed to continue” is the philosophy of which theory of Labour Welfare?

(A) Placating Theory
(B) Functional Theory
(C) Policing Theory
(D) Religious Theory



6. “A place for everything and everything in its place” is the principle that governs

(A) Placement
(B) Housekeeping
(C) Office keeping
(D) Floor Management



7. Which of the following is not a peculiarity of labour market?

(A) Labour market is normally local in nature.
(B) The number of buyers is less than the number of sellers.
(C) Labour is less mobile.
(D) Worker can sell not only his own labour but also the labour of his fellow workers.



8. Which one of the following is not a characteristic feature of Indian labour force?

(A) High rate of absenteeism and labour turnover
(B) Low degree of unionization rate
(C) Lack of mobility
(D) Homogeneous in nature



9. Which of the following is not a type of wage differentials?

(A) Occupational
(B) Geographical
(C) Industrial
(D) Social



10. The Concepts of Wages like Minimum Wage, Fair Wage and Living Wages were given by

(A) Royal Commission on Labour
(B) First National Commission on Labour
(C) Committee on Fair Wages
(D) Adarkar Committee



MCQs on Industrial Relations & Labour Welfare -13

1. Find out the approach which does not include industrial relations

(A) Psychological approach
(B) Sociological approach
(C) Human relations approach
(D) Physiological approach



2. Workers do join Trade Unions: Find out the incorrect reason out of the following:

(A) To attain economic security
(B) To improve bargaining power
(C) To ventilate their grievancies
(D) To satisfy their family needs



3. Match the following:

List – I                        List – II
(Unions)                      (Functions)
a. Craft Union           i. Associations of workers or different categories
b. General Union      ii. Based on craft non-managerial personnel
c. Industrial Union    iii. Either unionization of the same
     industry or different industry.
d. Federation            iv. Unionisation of workers any region or
      any job occupation
Codes:
       a b c d
(A) ii iv i iii
(B) ii i iii iv
(C) iv i ii iii
(D) i ii iii iv



4. Who coined the term ‘informal sector’?

(A) Keith Davis
(B) Amartya Sen
(C) Mahabub Ul Haq
(D) Keith Hart



5. Reducing the number of employees at operational level and reorganizing the work system in order to attain greater productivity.

(A) Downsizing
(B) Manpower inventory
(C) Manpower forecasting
(D) All the above



6. Which of the following is not a method of social security?

(A) Social Assistance
(B) Social Action
(C) Social Insurance
(D) Mutual Assistance



7. Which of the following statements about workers’ participation in Management in India is not true?

(A) It is a part of the 20 point Economic programme.
(B) It is provided in the Directive Principles of State Policy.
(C) It is made a Constitutional provision under the 42ndAmendment Act.
(D) It is a justiceable right of the workers.



8. The Second National Commission on Labour recommended that a registered union should be given recognition as a single negotiating agent in an establishment through check-off system, if it is having a minimum of:

(A) 33 percent of workers as members
(B) 60 percent of workers as members
(C) 66 percent of workers as members
(D) 75 percent of workers as workers


9. The British Trades Union Congress was established in the year:

(A) 1862
(B) 1868
(C) 1892
(D) 1900



10. The National Apex Body was established in 1975 comprising of

(A) Representatives of employers belonging only to AIOE, and trade unions belonging only to INTUC
(B) Representatives of employers belonging to AIOE, EFI and AIMO and trade unions belonging to INTUC and HMS
(C) Representatives of employers belonging to AIOE and AIMO and trade unions belonging to INTUC and AITUC
(D) Representatives of employers belonging to AIOE, EFI and AIMO and trade unions belonging to INTUC and AITUC



MCQs on Industrial Relations & Labour Welfare -12

1. Assertion (A): Intra-mural and extramural welfare are mutually complimentary.

Reason (R): The work-life balances need to be ensured in order to get the best output from an employee.

(A) Assertion is wrong but Reason is logical.
(B) Both Assertion and Reason are wrong.
(C) Assertion and Reason are right.
(D) The Assertion is right but Reason is wrong.



2. Which of the following statements is not true in explaining the concept and scope of labour welfare?

(A) Labour welfare has no roots in social work.
(B) Long Arm of the job and social invasion of workplace concepts, explain the mutuality between intramural and extramural labour welfare
(C) Labour welfare is a social concept.
(D) Corporate social responsibility is an extended concept of welfare.



3. Who is the champion of the ‘Welfare movement’ propagated in mid-19th century?

(A) Frederick Winslow Taylor
(B) Andrew Ure
(C) Sheebhom Rownlvee
(D) Robert Owners



4. Sequence the following developments by their period of occurrence from earliest to the latest:

(i) The Labour Investigation Committee
(ii) The Whitley Commission
(iii) The Enactment of Factories Act
(iv) The 1st National Commission on Labour

(A) (ii) (i) (iii) (iv)
(B) (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)
(C) (i) (ii) (iv) (iii)
(D) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)



5. Which of the following statements about characteristics of labour is not true?

(A) Labour is a perishable commodity.
(B) Labour cannot be separated from the person.
(C) Workers have no reserve price.
(D) Labour is as flexible and mobile as capital.



6. Which of the following statements about labour market is not true?

(A) Labour market like commodity market is analyzed by supply, demand and price equilibrium.
(B) Labour Market is relatively more local than commodity market.
(C) Unlike a commodity market, the relationship between a buyer and seller in a labour market is not temporary.
(D) Monopoly in the labour market is high.



7. Money Wage is otherwise called as

(A) Real wage
(B) Living wage
(C) Nominal wage
(D) Fair wage



8. Wage Boards set right

(A) Inter-regional differentials
(B) Inter-sectoral differentials
(C) Intra-industry differentials
(D) Inter-industry differentials



9. Which of the following is not a determinant of wages?

(A) Prevailing wages
(B) Bargaining strength of Unions
(C) Job Evaluation
(D) Performance Appraisal


10. Which of the following is not a part of the Scheme of Workers’ Participation in Management in India?

(A) Shop Level Councils
(B) Joint Level Councils
(C) Unit Level Councils
(D) Industrial Level Councils



MCQs on Industrial Relations & Labour Welfare -11

1. Social justice is the guiding principle of which of the following labour legislations?

(A) Factories Act
(B) Mines Act
(C) Plantation Labour Act
(D) Equal Remuneration Act



2. For which of the following the first labour legislation was enacted in 1860?

(A) Factory
(B) Industrial Relations
(C) Mines
(D) Plantations



3. The Factories Act, 1934 was enacted to implement the recommendations of which of the following?


(A) Labour Investigation Committee
(B) I.L.O.
(C) First National Commission on Labour
(D) Royal Commission on Labour



4. Shops and Commercial Establishment legislations are included under which of following lists of Indian Constitution?

(A) Union List
(B) State List
(C) Concurrent List
(D) None of the above



5. Which of the following has adopted the principle of fair wages in India?

(A) The Minimum Wages Act
(B) The Equal Remuneration Act
(C) The Wage Boards
(D) None of the above



6. The Bureau of Public Enterprises is related to

(A) Central Public Sector undertaking
(B) State Public Sector undertaking
(C) Central Government Departmental undertakings
(D) Private Sector Undertakings



7. The method of applying ‘means test’ for giving benefit is found under

(A) Social Assistance
(B) Social Insurance
(C) Both (A) and (B)
(D) None of the above



8. Which of the following statements about I.L.O. is not true?

(A) I.L.O is a tripartite body.
(B) I.L.O was established in 1919.
(C) I.L.O passes only recommendations.
(D) I.L.O conventions are mandatory for those countries which ratify them.



9. Match the following contributions to TQM with the contributors:

      List – I                                                List – II
   (Contributors)                                (Contributions)
a. Walter A. Shewart              i. Concept of Internal Customer
b. Joseph M. Juran                  ii. Product Design Quality
c. Kaoru Ishikawa                   iii. Statistical control charts
d. Genichi Taguchi                  iv. Quality as ‘fitness for use’

Codes:
       a b c d
(A) ii i iii iv
(B) iv iii i ii
(C) ii iii i iv
(D) iii iv i ii



10. Who has propounded the system concept of industrial relations? Find out from the following:

(A) L. N. Allen Flander
(B) L. N. Flax
(C) John T. Dunlop
(D) Neil N. Chamberlein



MCQs on Industrial Relations & Labour Welfare -10

1. Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act is the result of the ratification by India of which of the following Conventions of I.L.O?

(A) Unemployment Convention, 1919
(B) Forced Labour Convention, 1930
(C) Weekly Rest (Industry Convention) 1921
(D) Right of Association (Agriculture) Convention, 1921


2. Which of the following has not been implemented through any legislation at the National level?

(A) Joint Management Council
(B) Workers’ Participation in Management
(C) Recognition of Trade Unions
(D) None of the above



3. Which of the following conventions has secured highest number of ratifications?

(A) Forced Labour Convention (No 29)
(B) Freedom of Association and Protection of Right to Organize (No 87)
(C) Equal Remuneration Convention (No 100)
(D) All the above



4. The composition of which of the following is similar to the structure of I.L.O?

(A) Canteen Managing Committee
(B) Standing Labour Committee
(C) Safety Committee
(D) Works Committee



5. Which of the following is not an objective of Workers’ Education Scheme in India?

(A) To make workers’ responsible citizens
(B) To make them efficient at work.
(C) To enable them to earn more.
(D) To make them responsible Union members and Officers.



6. Which part of the Indian Constitution has shaped the labour welfare programmes?

(A) Preamble
(B) The Directive Principles of State Policy
(C) Both (A) & (B)
(D) None of the above



7. Who among the following advocated the theory of full employment?

(A) Beveridge
(B) Keynes
(C) Adam Smith
(D) A.C. Pigou



8. Which of the following provides for recognition of trade unions at the central level?

(A) Industrial Disputes Act
(B) Trade Unions Act
(C) Code of Discipline in Industry
(D) Inter-Union Code of Conduct



9. The concept of co-operation in Industrial Relations was implemented through which of the following?

(A) Works Committee
(B) Joint Management Councils
(C) Workers’ representatives on the Board of Directors
(D) All the above



10. In which type of collective bargaining workers lose something instead of gaining?

(A) Concession Bargaining
(B) Coalition Bargaining
(C) Productivity Bargaining
(D) All the above



MCQs on Industrial Relations & Labour Welfare -9

1. Which of the following is not a mode of Workers’ Participation in Management?

(A) Works Committee
(B) Employee Stock Option Plan
(C) Joint Management Council
(D) Joint Committee for Policy Formulation



2. Which of the following is not a bipartite body?

(A) Works Committee
(B) Canteen Committee
(C) Safety Committee
(D) Standing Labour Committee



3. Which one of the following is not a tripartite body?

(A) Indian Labour Conference
(B) Standing Labour Committee
(C) Joint Management Council
(D) Minimum Wages Advisory Board



4. Under whose regime as Union Labour Minister, majority of codes were evolved by the Central Government?

(A) V.V. Giri
(B) Guljarilal Nanda
(C) Khandubhai Desai
(D) Bindheswari Dubey



5. Assertion (A): In the post economic reforms era Indian business houses initially had to take strong decisions in terms of cost cutting measures and human resource rationalization.

Reason (R): Economic reforms opened up markets and allowed foreign direct investment causing the domestic industry to compete on uneven level playing ground.

Codes:
(A) (A) is right, but (R) attributed is wrong.
(B) (A) is wrong, but (R) is right.
(C) Both (A) and (R) are wrong.
(D) (A) is right and (R) is attributed is logical.



6. During whose tenure as Prime Minister, the Economic Reforms in India were initiated?

(A) Smt. Indira Gandhi
(B) Rajiv Gandhi
(C) Dr. Manmohan Singh
(D) Dr. P.V. Narasimha Rao



7. Which of the following practices lead to democracy in trade unions?

(A) Regular meeting
(B) Fair and timely elections
(C) Audit of accounts of union
(D) All the above



8. The trusteeship approach to industrial relations was advocated by:

(A) Karl Marx
(B) Max Weber
(C) Allan Flanders
(D) Mahatma Gandhi



9. Which one of the following is not a principle of labour legislation?

(A) Principle of Protection
(B) Principle of Social Justice
(C) Principle of Social Security and Welfare
(D) Principle of Reasonable Standard of Living


10. Which part of the Indian Constitution divides jurisdiction for enactment of Labour Legislations?

(A) Distribution of Legislative Power
(B) Directive Principles of State Policy
(C) Fundamental Rights
(D) None of the above