MCQs on Law - 24

1. Match items from Table-A with items in Table-B, using codes given below:

List – I
List – II
a. Time barred debt
1. Personal Right
b. Right to reputation
2. Right in Personam
c. Right to physical integrity
3. Imperfect Right
d. Right arising out of a contract
4. Right in Rem

Table – A                                                                                                                                Table – B
(a) Lakshmi Ratan Cotton Mills vs. J.K. Jute Mills Co., AIR1957 AII 311                          (i) Director’s duty of care, diligence and skill
(b) Automatic Self-cleansing Filter Syndicate Co. Ltd. vs. Cuninghame, (1906) 2 Ch.34    (ii) Statutory protection to Directors against liability
(c) G. Ramesh vs. ROC, (2007) 135 Comp Cas 655                                                  (iii) Powers of Directors
(d) City Equitable Fire Insurance Company, Re, (1924) AII E Rep 485                               (iv) Scope of authority of Directors

Codes:
        (a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
(B) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)
(C) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
(D) (i) (iv) (iii) (ii)


2. Read Assertion (A) and Reason (R) and with help of codes given below, point out the correct explanation.

Assertion (A): A contract of sale may be absolute or conditional.

Reason (R): There is no absolute condition for a contract of sale.

Codes:
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.


3. Criminal breach of trust is an offence which signifies:

(A) Entrustment
(B) Demand
(C) Refusal
(D) Wrongful intention



4. ‘X’ a Police Officer while executing a warrant of arrest against ‘Y’ asks ‘Z’ to identify ‘Y’. ‘Z’ knowingly tells that ‘M’ is ‘Y’ and consequently ‘M’ is arrested. What offence is committed by ‘Z?

(A) Abetment by Instigation
(B) Abetment by Aiding
(C) Abetment by False representation
(D) Abetment by Mischief



5. A married man commits adultery if he commits sexual intercourse with

(A) A teen aged girl.
(B) An unmarried woman.
(C) Any woman who is not his wife.
(D) Married woman.



6. In which of the following cases, the Supreme Court applied the doctrine of public trust that the State as a trustee of all natural resources is under a legal duty to protect the natural resources. These natural resources are meant for public use and cannot be converted into private ownership?

(A) M.C. Mehta Vs. Kamalnath and Others.
(B) M.C. Mehta Vs. Union of India (Ganga Water Pollution case)
(C) M.C. Mehta Vs. Union of India (Replacing diesel vehicles by CNG vehicles)
(D) Church of God (Full Gospel) in India Vs. KKR Majestic Colony Welfare Association.



7. In which of the following cases, the Supreme Court discussed the development of the precautionary principle?

(A) A.P. Pollution Control Board Vs. M.V. Nayudu.
(B) Rural Litigation and Entitlement Kendra Vs. State of U.P.
(C) M.C. Mehta Vs. Union of India (Ganga Water Pollution case)
(D) Olga Tellis (1986) case



8. The term “environment” under Section 2 (a) of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 means

(A) Air, Water and Land only.
(B) Water, Air, Land and interrelationship between air, water, and land only.
(C) Water, Air, Land, and the interrelationship between water, air and land and human beings, other living creatures, plants, micro-organism and property.
(D) None of the above.



9. Assertion (A): The right to clean drinking water and right to free air to breath are attributes of the right to life.

Reason (R): Because they are the basic elements which sustain life.

Codes:
(A) (A) and (R) are true. (R) is good explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true. But (R) is not a good explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, (R) is true.



10. In which of the following cases, the Supreme Court observed that, ‘When there is a state of uncertainty due to the lack of data or material about the extent of damage or pollution likely to be caused, then in order to maintain the ecological balance, the burden of proof that the said balance will be maintained must necessarily be on the industry or the unit which is likely to cause pollution’?

(A) M.C. Mehta Vs. Union of India.
(B) Olga Tellis Vs. Bombay Municipal Corporation.
(C) Taj Trapezium case.
(D) None of the above.



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