MCQs on Psychology - 30

1. A fifth test was added to an established selection test battery of four tests. The old and new versions were correlated to an external criterion of job proficiency. The significant change in R2 was noted. This provided an evidence for

(A) Internal consistency of the fifth test with the earlier four tests.
(B) Construct validity of the fifth test.
(C) Reliability of the selection test battery of five tests
(D) Incremental validity of the fifth test.



2. Which of the following scaling method/s has/have been proposed by L.L. Thurstone?

1. Cumulative scale
2. Paired comparison method
3. Scale discrimination technique
4. Equal appearing intervals

Codes:
(A) 2 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 2 and 4 only
(D) 1, 2 and 4 only



3. The kind of brain cells involved in observational learning are known as

(A) Glial cells
(B) Myelin sheath
(C) Mirror Neuron
(D) Golgi body



4. Given below are two statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R).

Indicate your answer with the help of codes given below:

Assertion (A): Memory for autobiographical information and for life experiences is called autobiographical memory.

Reason (R): It relates to the knowledge about where and when one is born, his/her educational history and places one lived in.

Codes:
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and(R) is the correct explanation of(A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.



5. Neural network model of memory suggests the following:

1. Interconnectedness of neural units.
2. Information is processed quickly.
3. Information in memory is not located in specific parts of brain.

Codes:
(A) 1 and 2
(B) 1 and 3
(C) 2 and 3
(D) 1, 2 and 3



6. Match List – I with List – II and indicate your answer using codes given below:

List – I
(Memory phenomena)
List – II
(Descriptions)
a. Method of loci
1. Reducing what is to be remembered to a few key points and then encoding these with an acronym
b. Elaboration mnemonic
2. Concepts are presented by the nodes of a network and relationship between concepts by link between the nodes.
c. Associative network
3. Visualizing a walk through the rooms in a ‘memory theatre’, leaving one of the key topics at each location.
d. Reduction mnemonic
4. Remembering something by associating each item with each line of rhyme

Codes:
       a b c d
(A) 3 4 1 2
(B) 3 4 2 1
(C) 4 2 3 1
(D) 1 2 4 3



7. Which of the following strategies is classified as “problem-focused” rather than “emotion focused”?

(A) Engaging in cognitive reappraisal
(B) Learning techniques of relaxation
(C) Seeking social support
(D) Engaging in physical exercise



8. A person after seeing the different colours of water in the sea of Kanyakumari has written a poem. This may be due to

(A) Heuristics
(B) Imaginal thought
(C) Motoric thought
(D) Propositional thought

9. One of the following types of love does not belong to Rollo May’s classification of love
(A) Eros
(B) Phila
(C) Agape
(D) Narcissism



10. A psychologist employed in the school, at the instruction of school authorities, administered an IQ test to the school children and displayed the scores on the notice board. This is an

(A) Ethically incorrect practice since it violates confidentiality.
(B) Ethically incorrect practice since it violates informed consent.
(C) Ethically correct practice in view of the transparent policies of the school.
(D) Ethically correct practice provided the IQ scores are not taken into consideration while giving grades.



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