1. Which of the following statements is true for reliability and validity of a measuring instrument?

(A) Reliable test is also valid.
(B) Validity does not ensure reliability.
(C) Validity and reliability are not related.
(D) Valid test must be reliable.

2. When the findings of an experimental research are generalized to target population, the research is said to possess

(A) Internal validity
(B) Concurrent validity
(C) External validity
(D) Predictive validity

3. The status-quo of a situation in research can be studied through:

(A) Experimental research
(B) Survey research
(C) Historical research
(D) Phenomenological research

4. Which of the following is incorrect as a measure of dispersion?

(A) Quartile Deviation
(B) Range
(C) Standard Deviation
(D) Sampling Error

5. Which one of the following variables is controlled in experimental research?

(A) Independent variables
(B) Moderate variables
(C) Dependent variables
(D) Extraneous variables

6. One of the tools that can be used for in-depth data collection is

(A) Test
(B) Interview
(C) Rating Scale
(D) Observation

7. Deductive reasoning helps in

(A) Sample Selection
(B) Hypothesis Generation
(C) Problem Identification
(D) None of the above

8. Which of the following factors does not affect internal validity of an experimental design?

(A) Statistical regression
(B) Maturation of subjects
(C) Pre-testing
(D) Noise during experiment

9. A researcher compared the mean IQ scores of randomly selected government and private school students and arrived at conclusion that private school curriculum has significant positive effect on intelligence of students as compared to that of the government school. This study can be categorized as

(A) Experimental
(B) Ex-post facto
(C) Historical
(D) Case study

10. Rearrange in proper order, the following activities related to test standardization:

(a) Preparation of test items
(b) Planning the test
(c) Assessment of reliability and validity
(d) Tryout of the test

(A) (b), (a), (d), (c)
(B) (c), (d), (a), (b)
(C) (d), (a), (b), (c)
(D) (a), (d), (c), (b)