MCQs on Research Aptitude -5

1. Which one of the following tests can be used to examine the differences in Mathematics achievement of boys and girls?

(A) Correlational Test
(B) ‘t’ Test
(C) Chi-square Test
(D) Anova

2. Match the Measurement Scales in List – I which can be used with appropriate Statistics in List – II:

List – I                             List – II
a. Nominal Scales      i. Geometric Mean
b. Ordinal Scales       ii. Frequency Distribution
c. Interval Scales       iii. Median & Rank Correlation
d. Ratio Scales          iv. Mean, SD & Correlations

      a          b         c         d
(A) iv         iii         ii          i
(B) i           iii         ii         iv
(C) ii          iii         iv         i
(D) i           iv         iii        ii

3. There is a significant positive correlation between variables X and Y. This means that:

(A) X causes variation in Y.
(B) Y causes variation in X.
(C) X and Y vary together in opposite directions.
(D) X and Y vary together in the same direction.

4. Which of the following terms is related to the idea of validity of a test?

(A) Errors of measurement
(B) True score variance
(C) Common factor variance
(D) Random errors

5. One of the appropriate statistics that can be used for Solomon four experimental designs is

(A) Correlational Analysis
(B) One-way ANOVA
(C) Chi-square
(D) Median Test

6. Pre-test-post-test randomized matching control group design is an example of

(A) True experimental design
(B) Pre- experimental design
(C) Quasi-experimental design
(D) Post-facto experimental design

7. Which of the following is not assessed by using essay type questions?

(A) Thinking skills
(B) Knowledge of wide content area
(C) Supplying suitable arguments
(D) Detailed description of an event

8. Which one of the following is the stable measure of dispersion?

(A) Range
(B) Quartile Deviation
(C) Average Deviation
(D) Standard Deviation

9. The method of drawing conclusions based on the observation of each and every instance of a population is called

(A) Scientific Method
(B) Deductive Method
(C) Inductive Method
(D) Dialectic Method

10. Positivistic research approach was advocated by

(A) Francis Bacon
(B) Stanley & Compbell
(C) Auguste Comte
(D) Babbit



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