1. Which of the following is not common to experimental and Ex-post Facto designs of  research  ?

(A) Cause and Effect relationship
(B) Manipulation of independent variable
(C) Controlling extraneous variables
(D) Observation of dependent variable

2. An operational definition of a construct is the one which defines it in terms of

(A) Other constructs
(B) Implied behaviour pattern
(C) Activities necessary to measure it
(D) Other equivalent words in the dictionary

3. Which of the following is not a characteristic feature of research process ?

(A) Empirical approach
(B) Systematic endeavour
(C) Uncontrolled conditions
(D) Critical analysis

4. Read the following statements about field studies:

I. A field study is conducted in a real life setting.
II. It effectively uses scientific method.

Which of the following is true ?
(A) I is correct, but II is not.
(B) II is correct, but (I) is not.
(C) Both I and II are true.
(D) None of the two is true.

5. Read the following :

I. Correlation coefficient may be negative as well as positive.
II. Reliability of a test can be negative.

Which of the following is correct ?
(A) I is wrong, but II is correct.
(B) Both I and II are correct.
(C) I is correct, but II is wrong.
(D) Both I and II are wrong.

6. Which of the following is not correctly matched ?

(A) Test-Retest : Stability
(B) Split-Half : Internal consistency
(C) KR-20 : Stability
(D) Parallel Form : Equivalence

7. Which of the following is NOT a measure of dispersion ?

(A) Range
(B) Mode
(C) Mean Deviation
(D) Standard Deviation

8. The variance reflecting a systematic difference between groups of measures is termed as

(A) Total Variance
(B) Error Variance
(C) Experimental Variance
(D) Within Groups Variance

9. The difference between a statistical average based on the entire population and the one based on a sample is known as

(A) Standard Error
(B) Mean Difference
(C) Sampling Error
(D) Mean Deviation

10. The standard deviation of sampling distribution of a statistic is known as

(A) Sampling Variance
(B) Standard Error
(C) Sampling Error
(D) Standard Variance