MCQs on Industrial Relations & Labour Welfare -5

1. Match the following according to the objectives of legislations:



a. Minimum Wages Act                    i. to ensure that wages payable are
                                                           disbursed within prescribed time limit
b. Payment of Wages Act                ii. to extend social justice by statutorily
                                                            providing the remuneration legally due to
                                                            an employed person
c. Equal Remuneration Act             iii. to allow employees to legally share in the
      prosperity of the establishment contributed  
      by capital, management and labour
d. Payment of Bonus Act                iv. to prevent discrimination in the matter of
                                                                     employment and remuneration
Codes:
a          b          c          d
(A)       iv         iii         ii          i
(B)       ii          i           iv         iii
(C)       iii         ii          iv         i
(D)       i           ii          iii         iv



2. Social security provided by a ‘means test’ is called:

(A) Social Insurance
(B) Mutual Insurance
(C) Social Assurance
(D) Social Assistance



3. Match the following Themes with the concepts of Labour Welfare:

Themes                                                         Concepts of Labour Welfare
a. Labour Welfare is a desirable state
of existence comprehending physical,
mental, moral and emotional health or
well-being.                                                     i. Relative concept
b. In planning for welfare, the
individual alone should not be
taken into consideration.                               ii. Positive concept
c. Welfare work differs over time
and place.                                                     iii. Social concept
d. Welfare connotes atleast minimum
desirable conditions of existence
biologically and socially determined.             iv. Total concept

Codes:
a          b          c          d
(A)       ii          iv         iii         i
(B)       iii         ii          i           iv
(C)       iv         i           ii          iii
(D)       iv         iii         i           ii



4. In which of the following approaches ‘good will’ is considered as an important goal of labour welfare work?

(A) Placating Theory
(B) Public Relations Theory
(C) Fundamental Theory
(D) Philanthropic Theory



5. For which of the following categories of workers, there is no provision for welfare fund?

(A) The Beedi workers
(B) Workers working in Mica Mines
(C) Cine Workers
(D) Workers working in the Printing Industry



6. Under which segment of the Indian Constitution, the Labour Policy is designed?

a. Preamble
b. Fundamental Rights
c. Directive Principles of State Policy
d. Fundamental Duties
(A) Only c
(B) a, b and c
(C) a and c
(D) a, b, c and d



7. The conversion of the ‘nominal wages’ into ‘Real Wages’ is done by which of the following indices?

(A) Human Development Index
(B) Poverty Index
(C) Wholesale Price Index
(D) Consumer Price Index



8. The ‘New Lanark’ experiment is associated with:

(A) Human Relations at workplace
(B) Networking Organisations
(C) Welfare Movement in Industries
(D) Behavioural Theory



9. Match the following Themes of Theories of Wages with their propagators:

Themes of Wages Theory                                      Propagator
a. “Labour is the real measure of the
exchangeable value of all commodities.”             i. David Ricardo
b. “The natural price of labour is that price
which is necessary to enable the labourers to
subsist and per- petuate their race without
either increase or diminution.”                              ii. Michel Kalecki
c. “Wages cannot rise unless either the wage
fund increases or the number of workers  
decreases.”                                                            iii. Adam Smith
d. “Wages are a residual, the level of real
 wages depending on what was left of the
total product after capitalistic class had its cut.”                                                                        iv. J.S.Mill

Codes:
a          b          c          d
(A)       ii          i           iii         iv
(B)       iii         ii          iv         i
(C)       iii         i           iv         ii
(D)       iv         ii          iii         i



10. Which of the following statements about wage differentials is not true?

(A) Wage differentials can be attributed to imperfections in employment market.
(B) Social prejudices do not influence the wage differentials.
(C) Inter-industry wage differentials are bound to occur.
(D) Geographical wage differentials are a common phenomenon.




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