MCQs on Psychology - 11

1. Mental Retardation is associated with
(A) Trisomy 14
(B) Trisomy 21
(C) Trisomy 12
(D) Trisomy 23


2. Match List-I with List-II and indicate your answer using the codes given below:
List – I
(Technique)
List – II
(Therapeutic approach)
p. Empty Chair method
1. Existential therapy
q. Logo therapy
2. Transactional analysis
r. Re-parenting
3. Cognitive therapy
s. Cognitive restructuring
4. Gestalt therapy
                      
      
Codes:
        p      q        r       s
(A)  4       1       2       3
(B)  3       2       1       4
(C)  1      3       4        2
(D)  2      4       3       1


3. Which of the following is not true of the theory given by Rogers?
(A) An individual reacts to situations in terms of the way he or she perceives them, in ways consistent with his or her self-concepts and views of the world.
(B) Our essence is created by our choices because our choices reflect the values on which we base our order and life.
(C) The most basic striving of an individual is towards maintenance, enhancement and actualization of self.
(D) A perceived threat to the self is followed by a defense – including limiting the perception and behaviour and the introduction of self-defense mechanisms.


4. Which of the following is not a characteristic of self-actualized person?
(A) Problem cent rather than self centred.
(B) Open to enculturation.
(C) Accept themselves and others as they are
(D) Perceive reality efficiently and can tolerate uncertainty.


5. What is the correct sequence of the emergence of the following Ego Strengths?
(A) Loyalty, Love, Care, Wisdom
(B) Loyalty, Care, Love, Wisdom
(C) Care, Love, Loyalty, Wisdom
(D) Care, Loyalty, Wisdom, Love


6. Which of the following methods are employed to study Memory Processes?
1. Free recall and Recognition
2. Observation and Recognition
3. Conditioning and Neuro imaging.
4. Concurrent memory task paradigm and Neuro imaging.

Codes:
(A) 1 and 3 only
(B) 2 and 3 only
(C) 3 and 4 only
(D) 1 and 4 only


7. Patients with damage to the frontal lobes behave as if they lack control systems that monitor their processing resources appropriately. They are said to suffer from
(A) Gertsman Syndrome
(B) Dysexecutive Syndrome
(C) Korsakoff’s Syndrome
(D) None of the above


8. Given below are two statements, the first labeled as Assertion (A) and the other labelled as Reason (R). Indicate your answer using the codes given below:
Assertion (A): Melanie Klein developed play therapy where children work out their unconscious feeling and conflicts while playing with toys or crafts.
Reason (R): It is difficult to apply the method of Dream Analysis and Free Association on children because of their inability to express verbally.

Codes:
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.



9. Out of following Psychologist who has emphasized that creativity is not different from intelligence?
(A) Torrance
(B) Spearman
(C) Guilford
(D) Liam Hudson



10. Out of following which are the appropriate explanations as stated by Cattell in his ‘gf’ and ‘gc’ theory of Intelligence?
1. ‘gf’ is mainly determined by genetic factors.
2. The speed of growth of ‘gf’ is very fast in early childhood and it starts declining in late adulthood – in late twenties.
3. ‘gc’ separates itself from ‘gf’ as a result of the effect of learning and other experiences.
4. Individual differences are more in ‘gc’ than ‘gf’.

Codes:
(A) 1, 3 and 4
(B) 2, 3 and 4
(C) 1, 2 and 3
(D) 1, 2 and 4

 

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