MCQs on Anthropology - 15



1. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is Reason (R):

Assertion (A): Human beings have a culture, but they belong to a society.

Reason (R): An interest in culture is prompted by a desire to discover the way people in a society comprehend the world around them.

On the basis of the above statements, choose the correct answer.

Codes:

(A) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong.

(B) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct.

(C) Both (A) and (R) are correct.

(D) Both (A) and (R) are wrong.

Answer: (C)


2. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is Reason 

    (R):

Assertion (A): Participant observation allows the ethnographer to unfold the complexities and subtleties of a community’s social life.

Reason (R): Based on participant observation, it would be possible to say to what extent the beliefs and values shared by a specific community are typical of the regional context.

On the basis of the above statements, choose the correct answer.

Codes:

(A) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong.

(B) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct.

(C) Both (A) and (R) are correct.

(D) Both (A) and (R) are wrong.

Answer: (A)


3. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as 

     Reason (R):

Assertion (A): Joking and avoidance are alternative ways of solving the social problem of conflict or social tension.

Reason (R): They occur in structural situations in which the potential for conflict or social awkwardness is high.

On the basis of the above statements, choose the correct answer.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct.

(B) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong.

(C) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct.

(D) Both (A) and (R) are wrong.

Answer: (A)


4. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as  

     Reason (R):

Assertion (A): The shift from tradition to modernity is based on a shift from status to contract at the societal level.

Reason (R): In a traditional society people enter into relations primarily on the basis of social status they are assigned by birth.

On the basis of the above statements, choose the correct answer.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct.

(B) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong.

(C) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct.

(D) Both (A) and (R) are wrong.

Answer: (A)


5. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as 

     Reason (R):

  Assertion (A): For a pastoral society it is easier to keep the integrated character of the group.

  Reason (R): In such a society a line of descent through males is not that strong and that’s  

   why, they could flock together.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct.

(B) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong.

(C) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct.

(D) Both (A) and (R) are wrong.

Answer: (B)


6. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as 

    Reason (R):
 

Assertion (A): In a plural situation behaviour that might be illegal or immoral in one society   might be perfectly rational and socially accepted in another.

Reason (R): Looking from the cultural context, all types of behaviour appear to be rational and socially acceptable in all situations.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct.

(B) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong.

(C) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct.

(D) (A) and (R) are correct statements, but (R) is not the correct explanation.

Answer: (D)


7. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason 

   (R):

Assertion (A): Kuru is observed among the members of the Fore tribe in New Guinea.

Reason (R): It is a disease of viral origin contributed by the Fore practice of cannibalism.

Codes:

(A) (A) is correct, but (R) is incorrect.

(B) Both (A) and (R) are correct.

(C) Both (A) and (R) are incorrect.

(D) (R) is correct, but (A) is incorrect.

Answer: (B)


8. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason  

    (R):

Assertion (A): Gene flow introduces new alleles into populations.

Reason (R): Migration is responsible for the gene flow.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(B) Both (A) and (R) are false and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

(D) (R) is true, but (A) is false.

Answer: (A)


9. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason 

    (R):

Assertion (A): The term ‘pedigree’ and not ‘geneology’ is more often employed in genetic inheritance studies.

Reason (R): ‘Geneology’ also includes adopted children and parents as well.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct.

(B) (A) is correct, but (R) is incorrect.

(C) (R) is correct, but (A) is incorrect.

(D) Both (A) and (R) are incorrect

Answer: (A)


10. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is Reason

      (R):

Assertion (A): The relative phylogenetic position of the human remains unearthed at different locales are gaining scientific footing.

Reason (R): The macro-level fossil evidences are now subjected to micro-level analysis of molecular genetic characters and isotopic chronology.

Codes:

(A) (A) is correct, but (R) is incorrect.

(B) Both (A) and (R) are incorrect.

(C) (R) is correct, but (A) is incorrect.

(D) Both (A) and (R) are correct.


Answer: (D)



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