MCQs on Anthropology -56


1. A population that is relatively heterozygous for a particular trait would show

(A) low heritability

(B) no heritability

(C) high heritability

(D) None of the above

Answer: (C)


2. Monozygotic twins having the same genotype for a given trait can show variation in 

    phenotype corresponding to that same genotype. This is due to

(A) The environment

(B) The penetrance and expressivity of that gene

(C) The concordance of the individuals

(D) None of the above

Answer: (B)


3.


Carefully observe the above diagram. In case the property is transferred from person bearing number 2 to person bearing number 5 to person bearing number 14, identify the type of descent.

(A) Patrilineal

(B) Matrilineal

(C) Bilateral

(D) Cognitive

Answer: (B)


4. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason 
    (R).

Assertion (A): Acculturation refers to culture change that takes place as a result of sustained contact between two societies.

Reason (R): One of the two societies is subordinate to the other.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are wrong.

(B) (A) is correct (R) is wrong.

(C) (A) is wrong and (R) is correct.

(D) Both (A) and (R) are correct.

Answer: (D)


5. Given below are two statements. One is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as 
     Reason (R).

Assertion (A): Agricultural life, as opposed to hunting-gathering life, may favour extended families among agriculturalists.

Reason (R): The need for mobility in hunter – gatherer societies may make it difficult to maintain extended –family households. Based on the above statements, choose the correct answer.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct.

(B) (A) is correct and (R) is wrong.

(C) (A) is wrong and (R) is correct.

(D) Both (A) and (R) are wrong.

Answer: (A)



6. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason
    (R).

Assertion (A): Majority of sites in India Neolithic and Chalcolithic do not show any sharp distinction.

Reason (R): In most cases these transformations occur in rural setting.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct.

(B) (A) is correct but (R) is incorrect.

(C) (A) is incorrect but (R) is correct.

(D) Both (A) and (R) are incorrect.

Answer: (A)


7. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason   

    (R).

Assertion (A): Harappan culture shows a decline in the western region first.

Reason (R): Climate change progresses from west to east. On the basis of above, choose the correct answer.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct.

(B) (A) is correct but (R) is incorrect.

(C) (A) is incorrect but (R) is correct.

(D) Both (A) and (R) are incorrect.

Answer: (B)


8. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): Cyclone storm surges are also known as Typhoon and Hurricane.

Reason (R): Cyclone Aila was not a typical Hurricane. On the basis of the above, choose the correct answer.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct.

(B) (A) is correct (R) is wrong.

(C) (A) is wrong (R) is correct.

(D) Both (A) and (R) are wrong.

Answer: (B)


9. Given below are two statements. One is labelled a Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as  
    Reason (R).

Assertion (A): Breast milk is ideal food for infants.

Reason (R): Breast milk does not protect infant from early malnutrition and infection. On the basis of above, choose the correct answer.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct.

(B) Both (A) and (R) are false.

(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

(D) (A) is false, but (R) is correct.

Answer: (C)


10. Given below are two statements. One is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled     
       as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): Sickle cell trait is predominant in some African populations.

Reason (R): African population lives in malarial endemic zones. On the basis of above, choose the correct answer.

Codes:

(A) Both (A) and (R) are false.

(B) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

(C) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

(D) Both (A) and (R) are true.

Answer: (D)
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